MEANING The Indian Penal Code, 1860, sets forth the rules that regulate criminal activity in India. It is a substantive piece of legislation that lists all criminal offences and imposes punishment on offenders who violate it. One of these offences covered by Chapter XII of the Indian Penal Code is criminal intimidation. Intimidation is defined... Continue Reading →


Everyone in the globe is affected in some way by the brutality and rising number of crimes against women in the current situation. It demonstrates the magnitude and seriousness of the atrocity committed against women in recent years. A demonstration of this is the international campaign to eradicate violence against women. A cruel view toward... Continue Reading →

What is Hurt

Introduction At the moment, a significant portion of criminal cases in India, more precisely in the Courts of Judicial Magistrate, are 'Hurt' cases. For instance, violations of Sections 323, 324, and 326 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. Without these cases, there is no criminal court. 'Hurt' is also referred to as effect damage, prompt... Continue Reading →

What is Grevious Hurt

Introduction According to the Oxford lexicon, the word "Grievous Hurt" refers to any damage that puts an individual's life in peril. The code classifies hurt into basic and severe categories based on the magnitude and intensity of the physical attack perpetrated. As the term implies, grievous injury entails the inflicting of severe and more extreme... Continue Reading →


Everyone has a right of private defence. Right of self-defence is based upon the general maxim that “necessity knows no law” and “it is the primary duty of man to first help himself”  If a person does an act while exercising his right of private defence, his act would be no offence (Section 96). Right of private defence is... Continue Reading →


The Indian Penal Code, Chapter XIII, Sections 264 to 267, addresses offences involving weights and measures. According to Section 264 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, anyone who fraudulently uses any instrument for weighing that he knows to be false is punishable by imprisonment of any description for a time up to one year, a... Continue Reading →

The Evil of Dowry Death

Marriage is considered a sacred relation in Indian community. But sometimes people demand dowry from the family of the bride. And if the demand of the husband or his family is not fulfilled a sense of revenge occurs in their mind. Dowry basically means transfer of cash or gifts or parental property from bride’s family... Continue Reading →

Custodial Violence

Custodial violence and abuse of power by the police authorities is an emerging issue of human rights violations and one of the major obstacles for well-being of human beings in a society. Custodial violence includes all kinds of physical and mental torture done to a person in police custody. It is a violation of human... Continue Reading →


MEANING OF MENS REA Mens Rea is the significance of crime without having an intention to act in a manner that it causes harm to person or property then in front of law it is not a crime. All the definitions of crime are carefully defined with a focus on showing the bad intention for... Continue Reading →

Section 375 IPC

SECTION 375 IPC Section 375 of the IPC defines that- A man is said to commit “rape” who, except in the case hereinafter excepted, has sexual intercourse with a woman under circumstances falling under any of the six following descriptions- (First) — Against her will. (Secondly) —Without her consent. (Thirdly) — With her consent, when... Continue Reading →


According to Section 378 of the Indian Penal Code, Theft is defined as whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking is said to commit theft. There are five explanations to this definition as stated in... Continue Reading →

Synopsis of IPC, CPC, CrPC

INDIAN PENAL CODE, 1860:-India's official criminal code is the Indian Penal Code (IPC). It is a comprehensive code that aims to cover all aspect of criminal law. The code was developed based on the suggestions of India's first law commission, which was constituted in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 and led by Lord... Continue Reading →


Introduction Section 84 of the Indian Penal Code specifies that every crime committed by an individual who is of an unsound mind at the time of the act and the individual is unable to comprehend the essence of the act and the individual does not realise that the act he is perpetrating is incorrect or... Continue Reading →


IPC SEC-90 (Consent known to be given under fear or misconception) 90.Consent known to be given under dread or misguided judgment.— An assent isn't such an assent as it proposed by any part of this Code, if the assent is given by an individual under dread of injury, or under a misinterpretation of certainty, and... Continue Reading →

New Amendment in Protection of Child from Sexual Offence Act, 2012

What is POCSO Act? Pocso Act, 2012 is abbreviation of protection of child from sexual offence Act, 2012. This Act provides protection to all the children under the age of 18 years from sexual assault, sexual harassment, or to use in as a material from sexual content in child pornography. It also protects children from... Continue Reading →

Facts related to Defamation in India

Defamation in India has become a quite common issue due to the evil minded people in the society and who are basically jealous of the success of the other people in the society and hence they go at any level to defame that person in the best possible manner. It is not a greatest sin... Continue Reading →

Law related to Abortion – Part 2

Click here to read the previous part of Law Related to Abortion - Part 1 Elements should be disclosed by the Complainant while making a complaint under section 313 The accused was aware of the fact that the woman was pregnantHis/her actions resulted in the miscarriage of the pregnant woman. The said actions were committed... Continue Reading →

Law related to Abortion – part 1

ABSTRACT The project work basically talks about the miscarriage which is related to women in India and lays special emphasis on Sections 313 and Sections of IPC which are related to punishments for miscarriage. This project basically talks about the detailed study of miscarriage in India, punishments which are related to it and also talks... Continue Reading →

Precondition to taking cognizance of offence

Cognizance can be understood in simple terms as looking through a narrow keyhole and examining whether an offence has been committed or not, and if at all it has been committed then whether proper sections of the IPC or any other special enactment are attracted or not. The underlying policy of law or objective of... Continue Reading →

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