Seperation of Powers – 1

The Term “Separation of Powers” was coined by the French Political Philosopher, Baron Bay Montesquieu in his book “The Spirit of Laws” in the year 1748. According to Monstesquieu “When the legislature and Executive Powers are United in the same person or in the same body of people, there can be no liberty, there is…

Ground for Refusal of Trademark Registration – Part 2

GROUND FOR REFUSAL OF TRADEMARK REGISTRATION:- PART II Confusion’ term in literal sense means “to fail to distinguish between, to perplex or bewilder” and in common language it means ‘a state of mind where a person unable to choose between alternatives’. In Trade Marks, misunderstanding plays an important role in being a distinctive or non-distinctive…

Offences against property – part 3

OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY- PART 3 This article will provide information on offences like Cheating, Mischief, Forgery which are also comes under offences against property. 1. CHEATING Sec 415 of IPC defines Cheating as: Whoever, by deceiving any person, fraudulently or dishonestly induces the person so deceived to deliver any property to any person, or to…

Constitutionalism – 1

CONSTITUTIONALISM In ordinary sense, constitutionalism may be defined as a “belief in a constitutional government.” Constitution also can be defined as a doctrine that governs the legitimacy of a governmental action and it implies something more important than the idea of legality which requires official conduct to be in accordance with the Rules. In simple…

Right to Private Defence – Part 2

This article deals with rest of section of Right to private defence. All the sections mentioned in the article hereunder are from the Indian Penal Code Sec 98 deals with right of private defence against the act of a person of unsound mind etc. It states that when an act, which would otherwise be a…

India’s Freedom History 3

During the medieval and modern times, the independence movement of the country grew rapidly and gained much more importance. Maharana Pratap is known to be the first freedom fighter of India. He was the bravest and the most courageous warrior that India has ever produced. He was the only Rajput Ruler who did not surrender…

CERTIFYING AUTHORITY IN CYBER LAW (PART 1)

A Certificate Authority (or Certification Authority) is an entity that issues digital certificates that contain a public key and therefore the identity of the owner. The private key’s not made available to the general public generally but kept secret by the end-user who generates the key pair. Further, the certificate is also working as a…

The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019

The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 11, 2019. The Bill seeks to supply for cover of private data of a private , and establishes a knowledge Protection Authority. • Applicability: The Bill provides for the processing of private data by: (i) Government, (ii) Companies incorporated in India, and…

Women Empowerment in India

Women Empowerment in India has become the most important matter of discussion in recent times because women in the earlier were not given the equal role, status, value and affection in the society. So all around the world that how to improve the status of the women in society and how should they get the…

Search and Seizer in Cyber Crime investigation

The Cybercrime has no physical boundaries. The criminals seeking information stored in computers with dial-in-access can access the information virtually from anywhere. The quantity of data that can be stolen or the level and amount of damage that can be caused by malicious programming code may be limited only by the speed of the network…

Analysis of UAPA Act

In 1962 a proposition was placed before the Rajya Sabha for a separate Tamil country by then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Annadurai, but later due to the ongoing Indo-China war he let go of his proposal. It was a huge tension for the Central Government as on one side the Indo-China war was going on…

Meaning of Secularism

Introduction For me, the word ‘secular’ holds no fear. Rather, I am aware of the organizers of India’s secular constitution, for example, B R Ambedkar and Rajendra Prasad. Their aim in elevating secularism was to perceive officially the religious variety of Indian culture. Mohandas Gandhi, the motivation behind the Constitution, was himself a profoundly religious…