INTRODUCTION : Fundamental rights are considered  to be the most important part of the Constitution of India.  Their origination is from France’s Declaration of Bill of Rights of Man, England’s Bill of Rights, the Development of the Irish Constitution, as well as, the United States of America’s Bill of Rights. Initially, Constitution provides for seven... Continue Reading →


  Introduction : The Preamble is a statement, comprising the aims and objectives of the constitution. So it can be said that the preamble to the Indian constitution highlights about motive contained in the body of the Constitution. The Preamble, in short, highlights the objectives of the Constitution in two ways: first about the governance structure and... Continue Reading →

Trademarks & Their Categories.

In this article, today I will discuss the different types of trademarks as it is a very vast and significant topic. The article focuses on the basics and technicality of the topic. Many of us in day-to-day life buy goods according to the brands and marks printed on them, Like Puma, Adidas, etc. in shoes... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION TO WINDING UP OF A COMPANY In case of winding up and dissolution, along with the Companies Act, 2013, the Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, 2016 is also applicable to provide time bound resolution and eliminate the longer procedures along with protection of interest of creditors from insolvent company initiating for winding up procedures. One... Continue Reading →


Goods – The term goods which includes all materials, commodities and articles with it, the implication that the materials, commodities etc., are for purposes of trade. Goods have essentially commercial character. To become goods an article must be something which can ordinarily come to the market to be bought and sold. The word goods, in... Continue Reading →

Article 246,47 and 19(1) (g) Of COnstitution in relation to ENvironment

Article 246: The Article 246 divides the topics of legislation between Union and State. It also provides the details of Concurrent list in which both the Union and State make laws by sharing the jurisdiction including the protection of mines, wildlife, and minerals development. So, both State and Union have power to enact laws to protect... Continue Reading →


Ram Boolchand Jethmalani (14 September 1923 – 8 September 2019) was an Indian lawyer and politician. He served as India's Union minister of law and justice, as chairman of the Indian Bar Council, and as the president of the Supreme Court Bar Association. He was noted in the Indian legal fraternity for his forte in... Continue Reading →


In India, the transgender population has a number of challenges, including difficulty with marriage, property, electoral rights, and adoption, to name a few. The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill was tabled in the Lok Sabha in 2016 following the judgment in the case of National Legal Service Authority v. Union of India. This measure... Continue Reading →


BACKGROUND: To summarize the situation, Shayara Bano, a victim of domestic violence and dowry harassment, was unilaterally divorced via talaq-e-biddat. She petitioned the Supreme Court, claiming that the Muslim personal law practices of talaq-e-biddat, polygamy, and Nikah Halala were illegal, unconstitutional, and in violation of Articles 14 (equality before the law), 15 (non-discrimination), 21 (right... Continue Reading →


Abortion means the annihilation of pregnancy by any technique either spontaneous or induced before the mother’s foetus is adequately developed to survive autonomously. As a rule, the foetus should be less than 20 weeks old from the time of pregnancy for abortion to take place. Induced and Spontaneous Abortions The miscarriage of the craniate is... Continue Reading →


A human rights violation is the disallowance of the freedom of thought and movement to which all humans legally have a right. While individuals can violate these rights, the leadership or government of civilization most often belittles marginalized persons. This, in turn, places these people in the cycle of poverty and oppression. Individuals who approach... Continue Reading →

reservation in india

Years of India's independence, and we are yet to achieve the goal of equality among Indians, slowly the goal is becoming a dream. It adequately tells the story of what is wrong with this country and its structure of providing education and employment.  some questions come to our mind like why reservation is needed? How... Continue Reading →

Evolution of Laws Related to Homosexuality in India

A Brief History: Historically, same-sex members of the family and gender fluidity were prominently featured in historic texts and sculptures of India. The regulation criminalizing homosexuality became officially delivered to India in 1862 with the aid of using the British colonial rulers after they protected it under "unnatural offenses" in phase 377 of the Indian... Continue Reading →

fundamental rights

Fundamental rights are essential human rights that are offered to every citizen irrespective of caste, race, creed, race, place of birth, religion, or gender. These are equal to freedom and these rights essential for personal good and the society at large.                         SIX FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. Right to equalityRight to freedomRight against exploitationRight to freedom of... Continue Reading →

international court of justice

After the Second World War the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) was replaced by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which is the principal judicial organ of the UNO according to Art.92 of the UN Charter. As rightly stated by M.Shahabuddin, in essence, it is a continuation of the permanent court with virtually the... Continue Reading →


Types of divorce petitions: Divorce with mutual consent Divorce With Mutual Consent: When husband and wife both agree to a divorce, the courts will consider a divorce with mutual consent. For the petition to be accepted, however, the couple should be separated for over a year or two years (as per the relevant act) and... Continue Reading →


In a historic move to provide universal access reproductive health services, India amended the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act 1971 to further empower women by providing comprehensive abortion care to all.[1] The new Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act 2021 expands the access to safe and legal abortion services on therapeutic, eugenic, humanitarian and... Continue Reading →

Which is more important? Experience or Talent of youth-

There is stark difference between talent and experience, so much so that the two cannot be compared and they are nothing alike in my opinion. Which one is more important depends on the job occupation. There are some job occupations who value experience more than others. Let’s go over the main difference. Experience is someone... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION  Every Constitution Begins with a preamble, and Indian Constitution also begins with a preamble, Preamble is a introductory statement that explains the specific document, The term "preamble" is from the Latin word which means "to go before" or in simple sense it is a "Introduction to important Statute" (Statute is a Law enacted by... Continue Reading →

Effects of Poverty on Education in India

Education is one of the primary needs besides the food, shelter and clothing in modern life. The Constitution of India has granted right to live with dignity and honor to every citizen. To ensure this fundamental right the State has been taking several measures. Prominent among them are universalization of compulsory and free primary education... Continue Reading →

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