BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ACT 2002 And LANDMARK CASES

Earth is our mother, it’s our duty to protect the diversity on it. Introduction The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 was coming out of India’s attempt to realise the objectives enshrined in the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 1992 which recognising the sovereign rights of states to use their own Biological Resource. (A) Biodiversity... Continue Reading →

HISTORY OF JURY TRIALS IN INDIA

History of jury trials  After the renaissance movement in Europe major philosophies originated, be it liberalism from the protestant movement, Marxism from the industrial revolution. One such system which spread from the west to the rest of the world is the jury system or the trial by jury. The very concept of jury trial reflects... Continue Reading →

Basics to Contract Drafting and Contract Review

The foundation for every legal relationship between two or more parties is established on a basis of a contract. A contract is a document containing a set of terms and clauses framed by the individuals, companies and/or other legal entities that specifically dictates the relationship between such individuals in the future. Once the contract is... Continue Reading →

Twelve Angry Men: A Legal Review and Recommendation

The movie begins with the end of a court trial, when the entire case is laid down for the jury members to decide. Amongst many, a remarkable aspect was that there were twelve jury members, apart from the sitting judge.

Anti Dumping Duty

Anti dumping duty is a duty levied on goods manufactured in foreign countries and imported into the us. These imports have a lower price than the fair market value of the same or similar goods in the domestic market. The government imposes anti dumping duties on imports when there are reasons to believe that the goods are... Continue Reading →

INTERPRETATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FOREST ACT, 1980 BY THE SUPREME COURT

The Supreme Court has interpreted and enforced the provisions of Forest Conservation Act 1980 strictly in T.N.Godavarman Thirumalpad v. Union of India5 . The Court issued sweeping directives to enforce the FCA6 . All wood based industries were closed and an embargo was imposed on the exploitation of forest and forest product. The Court also... Continue Reading →

Challenges Faced by Businesses in Implementing GST:-

The Goods and Service Tax (GST) system or the revolutionary tax system after a decade of intense debate came to fruition and existence two years ago. GST was introduced to the country to reduce the tax burden on producers and foster growth through more production. Though the tax structure has tried to solve major issues... Continue Reading →

Women Empowerment

Indian culture gives women the utmost respect. Many of our gods are female and they have been worshipped as a deity by many faithful people. The goddess of wealth is Laxmi, the goddess of power and strength is Durga and the goddess of wisdom is Saraswati. Women are the epitome of wealth and power. Women... Continue Reading →

Article 19 of The Constitution Of India

Freedom of Speech and Expression: Article 19 of the Constitution provides freedom of speech which is the right to express one's opinion freely without any fear through oral/written/electronic/broadcasting/press. Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc: 1. All citizens shall have the right a) To freedom of speech and expression; b) To assemble peaceably... Continue Reading →

Stages of Crime

There are four stages of crime. When an illegal act is committed by a person voluntarily it is done through four stages. Together these four stages are punishable under IPC. The four stages of crime are: 1. Intention The intention is the first stage of any offense and is known as the mental or psycho stage. In... Continue Reading →

Different KINDS OF PARTNERSHIP

Introduction Partnership is a form of business organization wherein two or more persons join together in order to carry out business. A partnership can be considered as an improvement of “sole proprietorship” wherein a single person carries out his business with his individual resources, skills and efforts.  The major disadvantage of being a sole proprietor... Continue Reading →

The difference between Patrilocal and Matrilocal family

In human society, family (from Latin: familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth) or affinity (by marriage or other relationship). The purpose of families is to maintain the well-being of its members and of society. Ideally, families would offer predictability, structure, and safety as members mature and participate in the community. In most societies, it is within families that children... Continue Reading →

RIGHT TO INFORMATION (RTI) ACT,2005

Right to Information (RTI) is an act of the Parliament of India which sets out the rules and procedures regarding citizens' right to information. It replaced the former Freedom of Information Act, 2002. Under the provisions of RTI Act, any citizen of India may request information from a "public authority" (a body of Government or "instrumentality of State") which... Continue Reading →

POWER OF ATTORNEY (POA)

WHAT IS POA? A power of attorney (POA) or letter of attorney is a written authorization to represent or act on another's behalf in private affairs, business, or some other legal matter. The person authorizing the other to act is the principal, grantor, or donor (of the power). The one authorized to act is the agent, attorney, or in some common law jurisdictions, the attorney-in-fact. Formerly, the term... Continue Reading →

Salient features of the Water Pollution Act

Let us take a look at the major Sections of the Act. Section 3 and Section 4: Constitution of the Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Boards, respectively, are provided the authority to exercise the powers conferred to them under this Act. Section 13: Constitution of a Joint Board.Under this Section, the Act prescribes the... Continue Reading →

Section: 139 – Appointment of Auditors under Companies Act

Every Company shall at the First Annual General Meeting appoint an Individual or firm as an Auditor who shall hold office from the conclusion of this meeting until the conclusion of sixth Annual general Meeting. Provided that Company shall place the matter relating to such appointment for ratification by members at every Annual General Meeting.... Continue Reading →

Salient Features of GST in India

The salient features of GST in India have been highlighted below: 1. Supply as the base: GST would be applicable on “supply” of goods or services as against the erstwhile concept of tax on the manufacture of goods or on sale of goods or on provision of services. 2. Destination-based tax: As opposed to the... Continue Reading →

Challenges for GST Implementation for Government:-

GST or Goods and Service Tax is a comprehensive indirect tax on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods and services throughout India, to replace taxes levied by the central and state governments.  Goods and Service Tax was introduced as The Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act 2016, following the passage of Constitution 122nd Amendment... Continue Reading →

AFFIDAVIT

DEFINATION:- An affidavit is a written statement of fact which is voluntarily made by an affiant or deponent under an oath or affirmation which is administered by a person who is authorized to do so by law. WHAT IS AN AFFIDAVIT? An affidavit  is a written statement of fact which is voluntarily made by an affiant or deponent under an oath or... Continue Reading →

Dowry System

‘Dowry’ according to the dictionary, means the property which a woman brings to her husband at the time of her marriage.  Originally, it must have meant property represented by the voluntary gifts given to the girl by her parents, relatives and friends out of love and affection, at the time of her marriage.  May be... Continue Reading →

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