Effect of Disputes on the Partition of Property in India

Private property is a necessary institution, at least in a fallen world; men work more and dispute less when goods are private than when they are in common.                                                                                                                                                                                                         R. H. Tawney Family disputes can result in a forced partition. Partition of property takes region while there may be joint possession of or greater individuals... Continue Reading →

Forest Land in India

Introduction Forests are an invaluable natural resource. They provide us raw materials such as wood, timber, minerals, fodder, fuel, etc. They prevent soil erosion, provide shelter to tribal people, maintain the balance of the ecosystem and function as the guardians of the diverse wildlife that our country houses. Apart from this, many forests in India... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION: Human beings are a product of the environment; hence, a stable environment is a prerequisite for their sustenance. However human beings for their selfish interests have exploited the environment for all its worth causing its deterioration and destruction. While the environment has endlessly nourished its inhabitants, man’s greed for economic benefits poses a great... Continue Reading →

Role of Bureau of Indian Standards

What is BIS? BIS or the Bureau of Indian Standards is a national statutory body governed by the Act of 2016. BIS covers the standardization process in the food and other related products industry in India. The body has been identified as the ‘National Standards Body of India’ which is regulated under the Ministry of... Continue Reading →


“If all mankind were to disappear, the world would regenerate back to the rich state of equilibrium that existed ten thousand years ago. If insects were to vanish, the environment would collapse into chaos.”~ E. O. Wilson INTRODUCTION In the contemporary scenario when the havoc of environmental degradation is at new heights, the need for effective... Continue Reading →

Environmental Issues & Human Intervention : A Direct Threat to Royals Kingdom- # Save Sunderbans

Introduction Understanding The Mangrove Forests: - Mangroves are the plant-communities occurring in inter-tidal zones along the coasts of subtropical countries and Tropical countries. - Mangrove forests perform multiple ecological functions like production of woody trees, provision for habitat, food and spawning grounds facilities for fin-fish and shellfish, provide provision of habitat for different beautiful and... Continue Reading →


Antarctic Continent: Antarctic is one of the seven continents of the world. It is coldest continent. No one before 1920s went to Antarctica. In Antarctica 98% of land is covered with snow. There is no permanent residence of people in this unique region but there are many people from all over the world who visit... Continue Reading →

Study India Energy Conservation With The Energy Conservation Act, 2001

Introduction The growing demand for energy has led to the burning of fossil fuels in an exceedingly great amount which directly impacted the environment. It’s vital to use energy with efficiency and its conservation is that the prime priority. There’s s a study wherever it’s aforesaid that just around about 25000 power unit will be... Continue Reading →

The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016

Introduction The Union Environment Ministry of India has transferred the ₹47,436 crore to 27 States for afforestation. The funds are pending from long in form of dues, a part of the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF), that has been collected for nearly a few decade as environmental compensation from industry. (1) The funds transferred are in... Continue Reading →


Earth is our mother, it’s our duty to protect the diversity on it. Introduction The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 was coming out of India’s attempt to realise the objectives enshrined in the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 1992 which recognising the sovereign rights of states to use their own Biological Resource. (A) Biodiversity... Continue Reading →

Negligence Still Continues – Study The Vizag Gas Leak in Visakhapatnam (2020) from Prospective of Bhopal Gas Tragedy and Oleum gas leak landmark Judgement

It’s Not Just about Vizag And Bhopal - It’s all about people life and environment. The Night of Bhopal gas Disaster and Years after That At the time, it was called the worst industrial accident in history. On December 3, 1984, approximately 45 ton of the damaging gas methyl isocyanate escaped from an insecticide plant... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION:                                Animals are undividable part of human life; they have co-existed with humans for millions of years. Animals also play very important role in food chain. Just like it is important to protect them from getting extinct, it is also important to protect them from abuse they face because of human race. Human beings... Continue Reading →

Case Analysis – M.C. Mehta v. Kamal Nath & Ors – Origin of Public Trust Doctrine in India

Understanding the Public Trust Doctrine The records of the doctrine is traced to the Roman emperor, Justinian. Emperor Justinian proclaims in Book 2 of his,He institutes: By the law of nature these things are common for mankind—the air, running water, the sea, and consequently the shores of the sea. No one, therefore, is forbidden to... Continue Reading →

The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 And Landmark Judgements

Delhi High Court has held that right to access to drinking water is fundamental to life and there is a duty of the State under Article 21 of the Constitution to provide clean drinking water to its citizens. The Delhi High Court presided over by J. Jayant Nath laid down this ratio in the case... Continue Reading →


Water,Water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink- Samuel Taylor Coleridge from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner The Statistics of Water Pollution in India: In the winter session of Parliament on 2nd December 2021, the central government has admitted that water is now polluted in many states of India. 1. The amount of lead is... Continue Reading →

National Green Tribunal

Introduction National Green Tribunal has been established on 18/10/2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 for the effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and... Continue Reading →

Continental Shelf

A continental shelf is a term that refers to the ledges that protrude from the continental land mass into the ocean. This is enveloped with a comparatively shallow zone of water (approximately 150-200 meters deep). Shelf seas occupy about 7% of the area of the world’s oceans but their economic importance is significantly greater. (1) A... Continue Reading →

Exclusive Economic Zones

                                An exclusive economic zone is basically an area of coastal water and seabed within a certain distance of a country’s coastal line, to which a country claims exclusive rights for fishing, drilling and other economic activities. The concept of exclusive economic is one of the most important pillars of 1982 conventions on the law... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION During the post-independence period of India, environmental protection was not a concern due to the need for industrial development and political tightening. At that time, it was all about building markets and industries and creating new jobs for our citizens. However, after recognizing the negative impact of industrial development on the environment, the court... Continue Reading →

Murli S. Deora v. Union of India: Ban on smoking in Public Places

“Cigarette smoking is the classy way to commit suicide”-Vonnegut Introduction: The case of Murli S. Deora v. Union of India[i] had a significant impact on passive smokers' right to life. There was a time when smoking in public settings endangered the lives of individuals who did not smoke. The Hon'ble Supreme Court looked into the... Continue Reading →

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