Introduction:A geographical indication (GI) is a tag given on products having a definite geographical origin andpossesses such qualities the qualities, characteristics or reputation due to their origin. A sign must bevalidated in order to identify a product as a GI. Protection for a geographical indication is usuallyguaranteed by acquiring a right over the sign that... Continue Reading →


Introduction:Geographical Indication (GI) is a tag given on products having a specified geographic origin and itpossesses certain features which signify that the product is indigenous in nature. The statute thatgoverns this domain is Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999which ensures protection of the traditional culture and provides benefits to the artisans, weaversand... Continue Reading →


Manipur Black Rice popularly known as Chakhao in local language ,has recently bagged GeographicalIndication (GI) tag. Black rice is a type of rice of the species commonly known as oryza sativa L.indica. It is also known as purple rice as some of which are glutinous rice. Black rice is referred aschakhao in Manipur, an Indian... Continue Reading →

Government Schemes Under Intellectual Property Rights :

Introduction : As the IP ecosystem is quite vast and varied, each country has established dedicated bodies for the promotion, administration and implementation of IP activities. In India, the key organizations engaged in IP affairs are mentioned below : Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade(DPIIT), New Delhi DPIIT, earlier known as the Department... Continue Reading →


Introduction – Copyrights‘ refer to the legal rights provided by law to the original creator of the work in the fields of literature and computer software. The ‗Related Rights‘ encompass the author‘s work in the fields of dramatics, sound recording, film/video recordings, paintings, architecture, etc. Copyrights and Related Rights are one of the categories of... Continue Reading →


Introduction – According to Section 2(h) , “layout design” means a layout of transistors and other circuitry elements and include lead wires connecting such elements and expressed in any manner in a semiconductor integrated circuit. The treaty on intellectual property in respect of integrated circuit 1989 defines that “layout design” (Topography) means the three-dimensional disposition... Continue Reading →


Introduction : Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Layout Design(SICLD) Act, 2000, has come into operation in India. The provisions on the protection of layout-designs of integrated circuits are found in Articles 35 to 38, which make up Section 6 of Part II of the TRIPS Agreement. According to Article 35, members are required to protect the layout-designs... Continue Reading →


MEANING OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Intellectual property rights are an exclusive right given to the creator over the use of his/her creation. Intellectual property rights are associated with intangible assets owned by a person or company and protected against use without consent. Intellectual property can consist of Patents, Industrial design, Logos, Trademarks, Business or trade names,... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION : The semiconductor integrated circuits layout design are considered as one of the forms of intellectual property it plays a significant role for the advancement of technology especially for electronics and information technology it was conducted to provide for the protection of the semiconductor integrated circuits layout design and for matters connected with their... Continue Reading →

What’s layout design protection ??

Introduction : Design of an article is an Intellectual property of a person who created it as person may not have invented an article but may have thought of a good design for it . A design of an article has commercial value in the world of trade . The person who creates a design... Continue Reading →


Introduction: A Geographical Indication (GI) is a tag which is generally used on products having a specific geographical origin and possesses certain qualities and has reputation in that region based on its origin. Geographical Indication is granted to agricultural, natural, manufactured and handicraft products originating from a definite geographical territory or a place which becomes... Continue Reading →


Introduction: Geographical Indication refers to a tag given on products possessing certain qualities, characteristics, reputation attributable to its geographical origin. These tags help to identify and differentiate products having unique characteristics or geographic roots. There needs to be a definite connection between the product and the place of origin of that product. GI tags can... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION – The Protection of Plant Varieties and farmers right Act 2001 was enacted in India to protect the new plant Varieties . Rules for the same were notified in 2003. The Act has now come into force . The protection of plant Varieties and Farmers Right Authority has been set up and is responsible... Continue Reading →


Introduction: A Geographical Indication (GI) tag is a name or sign which is given on products having a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation of that region. The geographic origin can be a town or a particular region of a country. The use of a geographical indication acts as a certification which... Continue Reading →

The WIPO Convention,1967

The World Intellectual Property Organization is a Geneva-based organisation dedicated to supporting creative activity and advancing intellectual property protection around the world. WIPO is one of the United Nations' 15 specialised agencies. The World Intellectual Property Organization currently has 193 members. WIPO's initial mission was to promote intellectual property protection, but when it joined the... Continue Reading →

 Universal Copyright Convention

The Universal Copyright Convention, (1952), was adopted in Geneva by an international conference convened under the auspices of UNESCO, which had been conferring with copyright experts from various countries for some years. The convention became effective in 1955. Its primary characteristics are as follows: (1) No signatory nation should provide its local authors preferential copyright... Continue Reading →

The Patent Co-operation Treaty,1970

The Patent Cooperation Treaty, or PCT as it is commonly known, was established in 1970. The Treaty, like any other Treaty, is a legal pact signed by several countries. The PCT's goal is to simplify the initial filing procedure, making it easier and less expensive to file a patent application in a wide number of... Continue Reading →

The Trips Agreement,1994

Various intellectual inventions and creativity have had a big impact on today's globe. The inventor's efforts to promote and defend these ideas and concepts become increasingly important as they become more popular and successful. Beyond simply transporting goods across borders, the concept of commerce and what makes trade beneficial to nations has evolved. Innovation, creativity,... Continue Reading →

Novelty as a criterion for Patent

Obtaining a Granted or Registered Patent for an Invention is a difficult undertaking. For appraising an invention, each country has its own set of rules and regulations. To obtain a Registered Patent, the applied Patent application must meet certain criteria. One of these is the Invention's novelty requirement. Every country, more or less, has at... Continue Reading →

Patent and non – obviousness

The invention's non-obviousness is one of three requirements for the grant of a patent, the others being novelty and industrial applicability. Simply defined, nonobvious as a patent word indicates that the invention must not be obvious or evident to a person of ordinary skill in the relevant field. The invention must improve on the prior... Continue Reading →

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