CRIMINAL LIABILITY – JOINT LIABILITY

Section 34 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 lays down the arrangement for joint risk in cases where distinctive people share a common deliberate. Section 34 peruses as, “acts done by a few people in advancement of common intention”. In arrange to get it the term ‘act’ in this setting, a look into its going before Section has to be made. Section 33 characterizes the term ‘act’ and ‘omission’.  CONNECTION BETWEEN SECTIONS 33 AND 34   Sections 33 and 34 make it clear that the word “criminal act” alludes to more than a single act... Continue Reading →

CRIMINAL LAIBILITY – VICARIOUS LIABILITY 

Agreeing to the guideline of vicarious obligation, when an individual is at risk for the wrongful acts done by another individual, at that point, the individual is known for the vicariously risk for the activities done. Here the relationship between the two of them could be a must.  There ought to be a few relationships between A and B at that point as it were the obligation of A will emerge towards B for doing a few acts.  The relationship can be within the frame of:  (a) Principal and agent.  (b) Accomplices of the association firm.  (c) Master and... Continue Reading →

ELEMENTS OF CRIME – INJURY

The fourth necessity of a wrongdoing is damage ought to be caused to another individual or to society at huge. Concurring to Section 44 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 the harm is characterized as any hurt illicitly caused to any individual in body, intellect, notoriety or property by another individual. Components of wrongdoing are a set of realities that must be demonstrated to convict a litigant of a wrongdoing. Criminal components are sets forward in criminal statutes or cases in purviews that permit for common law violations. In conventional dialect 'injury' implies a wound or harmed to the human body. But section 44 has characterized harm in a much more extensive sense to incorporate not as it were real hurt, but to hurt one's intellect, notoriety or property.... Continue Reading →

CONCURENCE OF MENS REA AND ACTUS REA 

AN INISGHT TO MENS REA  Mens rea could be a Latin term which essentially means “guilty mind”. Mens rea is the foremost vital recognizing component which connects incredible significance to the state of intellect of the blamed individual at the time of the commission of a crime. It is critical to note that no act is criminal by itself unless it is gone with by a mens rea. This can be best spoken to by the common law adage; Actus... Continue Reading →

CRIMINAL LIABILITY -STRICT LIABILITY 

Strict obligation crimes are those in which the respondent is held obligated for a criminal offense he committed, even in case mens rea is missing. In spite of the fact that the litigant did not expect any hurt by his activities and was totally unconscious that he was committing an illicit act, the convention of strict obligation holds him obligated for the criminal offenses committed. Because of the regard for due handle within the United States, the tremendous majority of strict obligation wrongdoings are less genuine offenses. Most cases of strict obligation are minor infractions and misdemeanors, not about as genuine as felonies, but still justifying overwhelming fines and up... Continue Reading →

ABSOLUTE LIABILITY

The rule of absolute liability, in basic words, can be characterized as the rule of strict liability short the exceptions. In India, the rule of absolute liability advanced within the case of MC Mehta v Union of India. Usually, one of the foremost points of interest judgment which relates to the concept of absolute liability. The truths of the case are that a few oleum gas spilled in a specific range in Delhi from industry. Due to the spillage, numerous individuals were influenced. The Apex Court at that point advanced the rule of outright obligation on the rule of strict obligation and expressed that the respondent would be at risk for the harm caused without considering the special cases to the... Continue Reading →

ELEMENTS OF CRIME – ACTUS REUS

Actus reus may be a Latin state for “guilty act”. Actus reus is the wrongful deed that comprises the physical components of a wrongdoing that must be coupled with mens rea for one to be held criminally obligated. The “guilty act” in robbery is the genuine taking of or illegal control over property without the... Continue Reading →

ELEMENTS OF CRIME – MENS REA 

Mens rea is a basic portion of choosing whether an act is culpable or not. Mens rea shows particular aim by the denounced for the commission of the wrongdoing for which he is charged. The accused must be demonstrated to have intentionally committed the wrongdoing, and had full information of their activities and must have malafide expectation towards the casualty. Mens rea is additionally utilized in a few civil suits, requiring the respondent to have been mindful of the repercussions of their activities for a respectful obligation to emerge, but as a rule, the Actus Reus takes priority in cases of respectful liability. Further, an... Continue Reading →

ELEMENTS OF CRIME – HUMAN BEING

The primary element of a wrongdoing may be a human being. Any wrongful act to be called wrongdoing must be done by a human being. There must be a human being beneath a lawful commitment to act in a specific way, and it must too be competent of being punished. Human being must commit wrongful... Continue Reading →

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