Strict, Absolute and Vicarious Liability in Criminal Law

Strict Liability The principle of strict liability evolved in the case of Rylands v Fletcher (1868) L.R. 3 H.L. 330. In the year 1868, the principle of strict liability stated that any person who keeps hazardous substances on his premises will be held responsible if such substances escape the premises and causes any damage. Going... Continue Reading →

What is actus reus?

Merely possessing a guilty mind and thinking of committing a crime is not enough. The accused person must also act on that intention and do something in its furtherance. Actus reus basically refers to an act or omission which leads to the completion of an offence. Both mens rea, as well as actus reus, together... Continue Reading →

Mens Rea Under IPC

The word mens rea have nowhere been used in the Indian Penal Code but it has been applied in two different ways:-While defining offences some words used in the respective section which indicate the actual criminal intent required for the offence. Such words are knowingly, intentionally, fraudulently, dishonestly, voluntarily etc. Such words haven't been used... Continue Reading →

Importance and Exceptions of Mens Rea

Essential Elements of Crime There are 4 elements of a crime which are- The crime must be committed by a person There must be a mens rea to commit the crime, with certain exceptions. There must exist actus reus, There must be injury caused to another person In this article we would be discussing Mens... Continue Reading →

Nature and Elements of Criminal Liability

Essential Elements of Crime There are 4 elements of a crime which are- The crime must be committed by a person There must exist actus reus, There must be a mens rea to commit the crime, with certain exceptions. There must be injury caused to another person The crime must be committed by a person... Continue Reading →

Historical Background of Justice system

Before colonialism, the judicial system of India was good at that time but the present judicial system is given by authorities and the legislation of colonial times is based on the religious system like Hindu & Muslim law but most of the law is being followed in this period is English law. The courts were... Continue Reading →

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