Operation of Double Jeopardy in India

Introduction Double Jeopardy is a right secured to every individual under Article 20(2) of the Indian Constitution. It is grounded in the common law maxim nemo debet bis vexari which means “a man shall not be brought into danger for one and the same offence more than once.” If done so, he can plead as... Continue Reading →

Right to Life and Personal Liberty in India

Introduction “By term ‘life’ as here used, something more is meant than mere animal existence. The inhibition against its deprivation extends to all those limbs and faculties by which life is enjoyed. The provision equally prohibits the mutilation of the body by the amputation of an arm or leg, or the putting out of an... Continue Reading →

Operation of Ex-Post Facto Laws in India

Ex Post Facto Law Article 20(1) of the Indian Constitution states that- “(1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of the law in force at the time of the commission of the act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been... Continue Reading →

Protection against conviction for offences in India

Protection against conviction for offences is provided for under Article 20 of the Indian Constitution. Article 20 is among those few articles of the Constitution which cannot be suspended during the proclamation of emergency. Thus, protections guaranteed against conviction for offences occupies a supreme position along with Article 19 and 21. Article 20 can be... Continue Reading →

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