Salient Features of the 14th Amendment of the Constitution

The Constitution of India's Fourteenth Amendment, officially known as The Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 1962, made Pondicherry (now Puducherry) the ninth Union territory of India and granted Parliament the power to enact legislation creating legislatures and councils of ministers for the union territories of Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Goa, Daman and Diu, and Puducherry. When... Continue Reading →

Salient Features of the 13th Amendment of the Constitution

The Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Act of 1962, which was passed as the Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Bill, was annexed with a Statement of Objects and Reasons. The State of Assam included Nagaland as a tribal region. The Naga People's Convention leaders and the Indian government reached an agreement in July 1960 to include Nagaland as a... Continue Reading →

Salient Features of the 15th Amendment of the Constitution

The Constitution (15th Amendment Act), 1963: Gave the High Court the right to issue writs to any person or authority, even if they were not subject to its territorial jurisdiction if the cause of action originated there.Judges on the high court now have to retire at age 62 instead of 60.As long as former judges... Continue Reading →

Settlement of Securities

Settlement is the "last action in the transfer of ownership including the actual exchange of securities or money." The transaction is deemed complete upon settlement since all parties' responsibilities have been satisfied. In the context of securities, settlement entails the transfer of the securities to the beneficiary, often in return for (or concurrent with) the... Continue Reading →

Concept of Design

A design is often the visible portion of an article's exterior to the unaided eye. The act defines a design as only those elements of shape, configuration, pattern, ornament, or composition of lines or colours applied to any article, whether in two-dimensional, three-dimensional, or both forms, by any industrial process or means, whether manual, mechanical,... Continue Reading →

Concept of Geographical Indication

Geographical indications are any indicators that describe commodities as originating in the territory of a country or an area or location within that territory, provided that a particular quality reputation or other features of the product are related to its geographical origin. This implies that geographical indicators must show that a product of a certain... Continue Reading →


A copyright may be a type of belongings that grants the owner the prerequisite to duplicate and distribute an explicit work for a particular amount. The artistic effort can be literary, artistic, instructional, or musical. Copyright aims to safeguard the initial expression of thought within the variety of artistic work, not the construct itself. Copyright... Continue Reading →


Industrial property is one of two subsets of intellectual property (the other being copyright). It can take many forms, including patents for inventions, industrial designs (aesthetic creations related to the appearance of industrial products), trademarks, service marks, layout designs of integrated circuits, commercial names and designations, geographical indications, and protection against unfair competition. In certain... Continue Reading →


A patent is a sort of intellectual property that grants its owner the legal right to prevent others from creating, using, or selling an invention for a certain length of time in exchange for the publication of an enabling disclosure of the invention. In most countries, patent rights are governed by private law, and the... Continue Reading →


CONCEPT OF TRADEMARK A trademark may be a visual indication that will be a word to designate the supply of the product, a signature, name, device, label, numbers, or combination of colors used, services or different things of commerce to differentiate it from different similar merchandise or services originated from another. A trademark protects the... Continue Reading →

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