Corruption – The Social Evil

Corruption- It is the most dangerous social evil prevailing in every part of society in today's world.  The unethical form of earning money by misusing power just to satisfy the needs is termed corruption. Corruption is not only a word but an act which is prevailing in the world from ancient times. Corruption kept on... Continue Reading →

Case Analysis of Carill Vs. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co.

Carlill v. Carbolic smoke ball is one such landmark case law that has not just earned a name but also a reference for law students. It is an English Contract Law decision by the court of appeal. Full case name- Louisa Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Company Date Decided- 8th December 1892 Judges- Justice Lindley,... Continue Reading →

Menstruation – a Taboo in India

Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to girls. However, it has always been surrounded by taboos and myths that exclude women from many aspects of socio-cultural life. In India, the topic has been taboo to date. I believe at least some of us will agree to the fact that the menstrual cycle is a natural process intrinsically... Continue Reading →

offences against women under ipc

OFFENCES AGAINST WOMEN UNDER IPC Women are victims of crimes such as rape, murder, robbery, cheating, etc. Which are not specially directed at them, there are designated as crimes against women, which are directed specifically against them. Crimes against women are not considered from the only physical point of view but also a sociological aspect.... Continue Reading →

Section 375 IPC

SECTION 375 IPC Section 375 of the IPC defines that- A man is said to commit “rape” who, except in the case hereinafter excepted, has sexual intercourse with a woman under circumstances falling under any of the six following descriptions- (First) — Against her will. (Secondly) —Without her consent. (Thirdly) — With her consent, when... Continue Reading →

Stalking under IPC – section 354 D

STALKING UNDER IPC – 354D Often while returning home from school, college or work, while going on a walk alone, visiting places, standing near windows, working online, sharing information, or talking to people across our gadget screens the fear of someone unknown and unwanted watching or routing for us awakens in our minds. We always... Continue Reading →

Case Summary: Chinnaya vs. Rammaya

Court: Madras High Court Full Case Name: Chinnaya V. Rammaya (1882) Date Decided: 21st October 1987 Judges: Innes J, Kindersley J Appellant: Venkata Chinnaya Respondent: Venkata RamayyaGaru Facts A lady transferred her property which consisted of certain lands to her daughter (defendant), by a deed of gift. Such deed was registered. One of the terms of the gift... Continue Reading →

concept of strict and absolute liability

CONCEPT OF STRICT AND ABSOLUTE LIABILITY Strict liability and Absolute liability functions under the no-fault liability principle which says that- If a person/enterprise brings any hazardous/dangerous substance of non-natural use in its premises and if that substance escapes and does any mischief, then whatever loss the other party suffers that person/enterprise shall be made liable... Continue Reading →

child labour

The child is a soul with a being, a nature and capacities of its own, who must be helped to find them, to grow into their maturity, into the fullness of physical and vital energy and the utmost breadth, depth, and height of its emotional, intellectual and spiritual being; otherwise there cannot be a healthy... Continue Reading →

Balfour Vs. Balfour

BALFOUR V. BALFOUR Court: Court of Appeal of England and Wales Full Case Name: Balfour v Balfour Date Decided: 25 June 1919 Judges: Atkin, Warrington, and Duke LJJ Appellant: Mr. Balfour Respondent: Mrs. Balfour FACTS OF THE CASE Mr. and Mrs. Balfour were a married couple who resided in Ceylon. Mr. Balfour was civil engineering... Continue Reading →

jurisdiction under code of civil procedure

JURISDICTION UNDER CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE The word jurisdiction is not defined under the code of civil procedure. The term jurisdiction is derived from Latin words Juris meaning law and dicta meaning speech. So, the terms mean I speak by the law. Jurisdiction means the authority to decide. Jurisdiction implies mainly two things- Jurisdiction over... Continue Reading →

writs under indian constitution

The Supreme court and High court have been given a lot of power to provide justice to the people. One of the most important powers the court has been provided by the constitution is the power to issue writs. A writ means a command of the court to another person or authority by which such... Continue Reading →

difference between feminism and pseudo feminism

FEMINISM AND PSEUDO FEMINISM Feminism is all about genders having equal rights and opportunities. Fighting for the rights of the individual, regardless of their gender. In simple terms, it means that no gender should be treated with any injustice. But lately, a new type of feminism has developed called pseudo-feminism. Pseudo-feminists have a deep desire... Continue Reading →


Court- Supreme Court Of India Bench- M. Kania, M Venkatachaliah, S R Pandian, T Ahmadi, K singh, P Sawant, R Sahai, T.K. Thommen and B J Reddy. Appelant- Indra Sawhney Respondent- Union of India and others FACTS OF THE CASE On January 1, 1979, the Janta Party Government led by Prime Minister Shri Morarji Desai... Continue Reading →

right to private defense

It is the duty of the state to protects its citizens from any harm incurred. But sometimes circumstances may arise where the state aid is not available for the protection of an individual against imminent danger or harm. In such situations, an individual is vested with rights by the state to use force to fend... Continue Reading →

fundamental rights under the indian constitution

Article 12 to 35 of the Indian Constitution deals with Fundamental Rights. Fundamental rights are the basic human rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution of India which are guaranteed to all citizens. All the fundamental rights are applied without discrimination based on race, religion, gender, etc. These are called fundamental rights because they are enshrined... Continue Reading →

Dowry death under indian penal code

DOWRY DEATH UNDER SECTION 304B OF IPC AND 113B OF INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT The dowry system in India refers to the bride's family gives to the bridegroom, his parents, or relatives as a condition for the marriage. Dowry death is the death of a married woman who is murdered or driven to suicide by continuous... Continue Reading →


The word contingent means an event or situation is depends on some other event or fact. A contingent contract is defined under Section 31 of the Indian Contract Act. Section 31 states that- A contingent contract is a contract to do or not to do something if some event collateral to such contract doesn't happen.... Continue Reading →

reliable side hustle for extra income

RELIABLE SIDE HUSTLE FOR EXTRA INCOME We work for a living. We get paid for our work, run our business and earn our living. Because of all this, we work very hard, but there are so many times we feel the urge for some extra income source which can reduce our dependence on work or... Continue Reading →

language and identity

LANGUAGE AND IDENTITY Nelson Mandela said- If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his mother language that goes to his heart. The language we use forms an important part of our sense of who we are – of our identity.... Continue Reading →

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