Let’s learn about MOTIONS in the Indian Parliament

It must be known that no discussions on matters of general public importance can be taken in the parliament except on a motion made with the consent of the presiding officer. The presiding officer can be the chairman of the Lok Sabha or vice president in the Rajya Sabha. The House expresses its decisions on... Continue Reading →


Only new forms of human compassion and solidarity can help overcome the lethal and formidably grim challenge posed since the covid 19 pandemic. Even amidst the disease and death caused by the pandemic, theoretical discourse rages, on the one hand on the intensification of the state of exception in combating COVID-19 and, on the other,... Continue Reading →


What do you do when you fail? What is one expected to be like when faced with failure. As far as my encounters with failures go, I find myself dumbfounded and shocked. I find myself unable to understand what has happened for few days and eventually the feeling of having lost out on something gets... Continue Reading →

STATE AND NON STATE ACTORS – who are they and who is more powerful

State actors refer to those entities which have formal backing of a sovereign state for carrying out any intended action. Non-state actors on the other hand, have a considerable power of influencing international events but they do not have formal state backing. Examples of state actors are the governments or their agencies of foreign countries... Continue Reading →


We need to understand the nature and gravity of the collective crisis that now confronts human civilization if we are to answer the questions it poses. If we do not soon halt and reverse our current trajectory of runaway climate change, environmental degradation and widespread biodiversity loss, the global economy will suffer negative consequences on... Continue Reading →


In the M.K. Ranjitsinh & Others vs Union of India & Others case*, the supreme court issued an important judgment towards the protection of Great Indian Bustard. The Great Indian Bustard is a gravely endangered species, with hardly about 200 alive in India today. The Supreme Court of India has sought to move away from... Continue Reading →

Industrial Disputes Act

The Industrial Disputes (ID) Act, 1947 addresses disputes or differences between employers and employers or between employers and workmen or between workmen and workmen. 2nd schedule of the ID Act deals with matters within the jurisdiction of labour courts which fall under the category of rights disputes. The 3rd schedule of the ID Act deals... Continue Reading →


Afghanistan is a country in permanent pursuit of equilibrium. Bound to its religion, constrained by its culture and fractured by its past, Afghanistan today is the legacy of an eternity of chaos, infighting and foreign occupation. Now the Americans are withdrawing their forces since 1 may, 2021. Afghans must once again adapt to changing circumstances.... Continue Reading →


The International Monetary Fund held the current economic crisis could be the worst ever since the Great depression 1929. In order to deal with the Covid-19 pandemic, the governments across the world have imposed measures like lockdown and social distancing. However, these measures have caused collateral damage to almost every sector of the economy. National... Continue Reading →


In the study of law, the intent behind every crime committed is taken into consideration. Before deriving at the conclusion of the person accused, situation and the surrounding of the person affecting their state of mind is dissected. For this, the clear understanding of the Latin terms actus reus and mens rea is necessary to... Continue Reading →

Prison Reforms in India

NCRB 2019 data says that there are 1350 functional jails in India, with a total capacity of approximately 4 Lakh prisoners but actual strength exceeds 4.78 lakh. Indian prisons face three long-standing structural constraints: overcrowding, understaffing and underfunding. The inevitable outcome is subhuman living conditions, poor hygiene, and violent clashes etc. In 1995, Rajesh Pillai... Continue Reading →

What is Virtual Water Trade?

Virtual water is defined as the water required for the production of goods. Virtual water trade refers to the import and export of hidden water in the form of products such as crop products, textiles, machinery and livestock — all of which require water for their production. Historically, China has been a net importer of... Continue Reading →

Justice Verma Committee and it’s Recommendations on Sexual Offences

Justice Verma Committee was constituted to recommend amendments to the Criminal Law so as to provide for quicker trial and enhanced punishment for criminals accused of committing sexual assault against women. The Committee submitted its report on January 23, 2013. But unfortunately, not much implementation is seen at the ground level. In the following paragraphs,... Continue Reading →

The Unmasking of Migrant Workers’ Crises and Reality of Social Security in India

The migrant crisis during the pandemic highlighted the vulnerabilities faced by migrants. Recently, the Supreme Court issued an important judgment towards the welfare of migrants. The judgment mandated a portal for the registration of all informal/migrant workers. Azim Premji University’s State of Working India Report 2021 presents a survey of surveys along with the findings... Continue Reading →

Gratitude and Purpose

Given a chance, none of us would hesitate to write down a list of problems we have in our lives. Someone like me would find it easy to list things I'm not happy with in my life. I can make a list of things that didn't go my way, things that haven't yet happened to... Continue Reading →

The New Draft Population Bill for Uttar Pradesh

Justifying the proposals, the draft bill says: “In Uttar Pradesh, there are the limited ecological and economic resources at hand. It is necessary and urgent that the provision of basic necessities of human life including affordable food, safe drinking water, decent housing, access to quality education, economic/livelihood opportunities, power/electricity for domestic consumption, and a secure... Continue Reading →

AI in Indian Judiciary

Artificial Intelligence i.e. AI is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. It aims at fastening the process of analysing and arriving at solutions. According to national judicial data grid (NJDG) more than 3.89 crore cases are pending at district and taluka level itself. More than 50 thousand cases are pending... Continue Reading →

Why a Cooperation Ministry is needed in India?

Recently government of India announced formation of Ministry of Cooperation. This new ministry will give impetus to the legal and financial framework of cooperatives in the country. Cooperatives work on the principle of collective bargaining power. It works for a common objective. There can be formation of a cooperative for any purpose like banking, sugar... Continue Reading →

Women Empowerment – A Blurry Picture

Recently, a 24-year-old woman who was believed of being harassed for dowry, died tragically. This shows the abysmally low cost of a woman's life in India. According to national crime record bureau (NCRB) , 7,115 women in India in 2019, died due to dowry related issues. 3,40,000 cases were recorded under the IPC for crime... Continue Reading →

A Prime minister of India

In the scheme of parliamentary system of governance, president is the de jure executive authority, whereas the prime minister is the de facto executive. Article 75 says only that the prime minister shall be appointed by the president. This doesn't mean president is free to appoint anyone as the prime minister. But if no party... Continue Reading →

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