Ministry of Law and Justice – India

Introduction The Ministry of Law and Justice in India is a cabinet ministry in the Government of India which deals with the management of the legal affairs, legislative activities and administration of justice in India through its three departments namely the Department of Legal Affairs, the Legislative Department and Department of Justice. The Department of... Continue Reading →

Ministry of Railways in India.

Introduction The Ministry of Railways operates the statutory body Indian Railways, an organisation that operates as a monopoly in rail transport and is headed by the Chairman and CEO of Railway Board. The Current Minister of Railways is Ashwini Vaishnaw. Organisational structure The Railway Board reports to the parliament through the Ministry of Railways. The... Continue Reading →


Introduction The key legislations which determine the validity of an e-contract are The Indian Contract Act, The Information Technology Act, and The Indian Evidence Act. E contracts are formed by way of exchange of Emails and through online agreements like click wrap, shrink wrap and browse wrap agreements. All these mentioned are valid under the... Continue Reading →

Political Parties

Introduction  A political party basically, is a group of people. They come together to contest elections in order to hold power in the government. This is a way to mobilize voters to support common interests, concerns, and goals. The primary role of the political party is to fix the political agenda and policies. Each party... Continue Reading →

Types of Law in the Indian Legal System – in short

Introduction Every citizen in the country has been given several rights as per the constitution of India and since these rights are provided, there will be violation of these rights as well. Our legislature introduced various laws to protect and enforce such rights, in order to civilize the society and maintain peace and harmony among... Continue Reading →

Ministry of External Affairs of India – Functions

Introduction The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) is a government agency in India which is responsible for maintaining the foreign relations of India. The MEA is headed by the Minister of External Affairs, a cabinet minister. The  Foreign Secretary of India is the administrative head, an Indian Foreign Service officer. The Government of India is... Continue Reading →

Law Commission of India

INTRODUCTION The Law Commission of India is an administrative body which is established by the order of the Government of India, the main function of work for LCI is for legal reform and works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice. The Commission submits reports to the government on various matters... Continue Reading →

Regional Transport Office (RTO)

Introduction  The motor vehicle department is established under section 213 (1) of the motor vehicles act, 1988 and this act is applicable throughout the country and is followed by all its citizens. The Motor Vehicles Department or abbreviated as MVD is responsible for ensuring that the provisions of this act are enforced and is headed... Continue Reading →

Writs – Types and Writ Jurisdiction of High Courts

Introduction A writ refers to a legal document that orders a person to perform or to stop performing a specific action. It is a formal written order in common law that is issued by a body with judicial jurisdiction; this body is generally called a court in recent times. Anglo-Saxons developed the concept of writ... Continue Reading →

Ministry of Education – In short

Introduction The Ministry of Education (MOE) is a Ministry of the Government of India responsible for the implementation of the National Policy on Education. The MOE was first established in 1947. This Ministry is divided into the two departments that is as follows: Department of School Education and Literacy  This department deals with primary, secondary... Continue Reading →

Ministry of Defence in India.

Introduction The Ministry of Defence is charged with the coordinating and supervising of all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces. The defence of India and every part thereof is ensured by the Government of India. The President is vested with the supreme command of the... Continue Reading →

Comptroller and Auditor General of India – Functions

Introduction The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is the prime authority responsible for carrying on the internal and external audits of the expenditure of the National and the state governments. The Constitution of India imparts a base for which the Parliament can authorise the duties and powers of the CAG in relation to the... Continue Reading →

Union Public Service Commission – Role and functions.

INTRODUCTION Union Public service commission (UPSC) is an constitutional body in the country and the leading central recruiting agency for the central government public servants and authorised to conduct various examinations, The commission is authorised by the Constitution of India for appointing the services for the Union and for all the India Services.  Method in... Continue Reading →

Ministry of Finance (India)

Introduction The Ministry of Finance serves as the Indian Treasury Department and is a ministry within the Government of India and is the apex controlling authority of the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Economic Service, Indian Cost Accounts Service and Indian Civil Accounts Service. The Ministry of Finance concerns itself with taxation, financial legislation, financial institutions,... Continue Reading →

What is International Business and the reasons why a country enters into International Business.

Introduction to International Business Business activities carried  across the national borders is known as International Business. The International business is the transfer of goods, commodities and services outside its national borders. Such trade modes might be owned by the state or privately owned organization. In which, the organization explores trade opportunities outside its domestic national... Continue Reading →

Election Commission of India

Introduction The Election Commission of India is a constitutional body that administers the elections in India according to the rules and regulations mentioned in the Constitution of India. The Election Commission of India was established on January 25, 1950. The main aim of the election commission of India is to define and control the process... Continue Reading →


(CONTINUATION) Rights of an Arrested Person are as follows: 6. Rights at Trial Right To A Fair Trial Article 14 of the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to equality before the law. The code of criminal procedure also provides that for a trial to be fair, it must be an open court trial. This provision... Continue Reading →

Reserve Bank of India

Introduction The economic efficiency and  stability of a country is dependent on the payment and settlement system in that country. As a result, the central bank, have been regularly and consistently revising the policies to ensure the development of payment system at the national level. The responsibility of a central bank of any given country... Continue Reading →


Introduction One of the most primary merits of our legal system is the expectation of innocence in the accused till he is found guilty at the end of a trial with evidence. In a democratic society the rights of an accused are found to be respected, though accused of an offence. The rights of the... Continue Reading →

Criminal Trespass.

Introduction An unlawful entry by a person into a private property of an individual is known as trespass. Any person who enters the property of another without the owner’s permission is said to have committed the offence of criminal trespass. In all the countries, trespass against the property has been recognized as a civil wrong.... Continue Reading →

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