Salient Features of 53rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1986

Introduction The 53rd Constitution Amendment Act came into picture in 1986 in order to ensure ultimate peace & statehood in Mizoram in order to eradicate unnecessary interference of the Central Government. Numerous laws were enacted in order to ensure complete freedom to Mizoram from external interference for eg. laws which were related  to spheres of... Continue Reading →

Mercantile Agent

Introduction “Mercantile Agent today plays a vital role in the transfer of goods from the producer to the ultimate consumer”. A variety of people assist in the transfer of commodities from producers to consumers. A manufacturer may not be able to contact a consumer on his alone, thus he will require the assistance of other... Continue Reading →

Salient Features of 52nd Constitutional Amendmen Act, 1985

Introduction In 1985, the 52nd Constitution Amendment Act on Anti-Defection Law was passed, & the Indian Constitution's 10th Schedule was inserted through this Act of 185. The disqualification of the Members of Parliament & State Legislatures on the grounds of defection is provided under this. It enacted anti-defection legislation by adding a new Tenth Schedule to the Constitution... Continue Reading →

Factors of Mercantile Agents

Introduction Mercantile agent is a special agent who has the authority to sell goods, transfer items for sale, acquire goods, or collect money to secure commodities on behalf of its client in the ordinary course of business. To clarify, a commercial or mercantile agent is a person who has received goods or papers of title in... Continue Reading →

Classes of Agents

Introduction An agent, according to section 182 of Indian Contract Act,1872 is a person who represents his principle in contractual relationships with third parties. Under an agency contract, the principal appoints or engages an agent. As a result, an agent serves as a conduit between the principal and third parties. By his actions, an agent... Continue Reading →

Agency by Ratification

Introduction An agency through ratification (also known as an ex post facto agency) is formed when a person, the principal, authorizes or accepts the unlawful activities or conduct of another person, the agent, after it has already occurred. To put it another way, an agent acts on behalf of the principle without having explicit authorization... Continue Reading →


Legal definition of Sub Agent The Sub-Agent is defined under Section- 191 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 as- “A sub-agent is a person employed by, and acting under the control of, the original agent in the business of the agency” The sub-agent was hired by the original agent & operates under his supervision &... Continue Reading →


Hon’ble Mr. Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar Jagdish Singh Khehar (Born on August 28, 1952) was renowned 44th Chief Justice of India (CJI). He is known for his braveness in giving  judgments in landmarks cases. He created history by becoming first Chief Justice from Sikh Community. He has been a judge in the Supreme Court for... Continue Reading →

Agency by Necessity

Introduction The Doctrine of Agency comes into picture when there is emergency exist & where an agent goes beyond the authority of acting as an agent on behalf of the principal in a emergency situation. he courts also accept agency by necessity in case of  emergency or urgent circumstance when the beneficiary is unable to offer explicit... Continue Reading →

Wife as an Agent

Introduction The purpose of this article is to determine the status of the contractual relationships between spouses. The development of tort law led to the development of common law. This paper discusses the spouses' standing in tort law and how it evolved into common law. When common law developed, it gave the husband the upper... Continue Reading →

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