Article 21

Protection of Life And Personal Liberty: No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.The object of the fundamental right under Article 21 is to prevent encroachment upon personal liberty and deprivation of life except according to procedure established by law. It clearly means that this... Continue Reading →

psychological theories relating to terrorism

1.Frustrating psycho-social conditions 2. severe psychopathology3. Personality disorder4. FanaticismFrustrating Psycho-social Conditions Frustration due to marginalization, poverty, unemployment is one of the oldest sociological theories which is related to terrorism i.e. terrorist comes from the groups that experience marginalization, poverty, unemployment, social alienation. people with such social disadvantages are thought to be at a higher risk for... Continue Reading →

some important areas of the criminal justice system

Public Interest Litigation Public interest has its origin in the United States. It was during the 1960s that public interest litigation emerges as a part of the legal aid movement primarily aimed at protecting the rights of the weaker sections of the community, such as the women, children, physically and mentally handicapped and the like.... Continue Reading →

Res Judicata

RES JUDICATA means "a thing decided" in Latin. It is a common law doctrine meant to bar re-litigation of cases between the same parties in Court. Once a final judgment has been handed down in a lawsuit subsequent judges who are confronted with a suit that is identical to or substantially the same as the... Continue Reading →

Can a woman rape another woman

In State Govt. V. Sheodayal (1956 Cr LJ 83 M.P) M.P High court opined that modesty of a woman can be outraged by another women u/s 354. But apex court in Priya Patel V. State of M.P And Anr. (JT 2006 (6) SC 303) held that it is inconceivable that women can rape another woman. Actually in this... Continue Reading →

sustainable development

Sustainable development is referred to as the idea that human beings should sustain by meeting their basic needs, while also making sure that the future generations are able to meet their basic needs.In other words, it is a way of organising the society by which it can exist for a long duration without compromising on... Continue Reading →

Breaking down of marriage

Marriages, as they define, are made in heaven and solemnized on earth. It is a sacrament for Hindus, a sanctified contract for Muslims and a sacred knot for Christians. Husbands and wives vow for each other, yet there have been innumerable cases of betrayals by the spouses.The complexity of modern society and its possible consequences... Continue Reading →

impact of gst on industries

As the dust settles on the commencement of the long journey to implement the historic GST regime, it is worthwhile to take stock of how it impacts specific aspects of Indian infrastructure. Here are seven ways GST affects the infrastructure sector – Electricity: GST is expected to inflate electricity costs by up to eight per... Continue Reading →

what is tort and how did it come to india

Meaning of Torts- The word ‘Tort’ has been derived from the Latin word ‘tortum’ which translates to ‘twisted’. In the easiest set of words, a tort is a civil wrong that causes someone to suffer loss or harm and results in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act.According to Wex Legal Dictionary,... Continue Reading →

Corruption and Poverty

“In human society to much wealth or too much poverty is a great impediment to the higher development of the soul. It is from the middle classes that the great ones of the world come. Here the forces very equality adjusted and balanced.” – Vivekanda Popular belief suggests that corruption and poverty are closely related... Continue Reading →

History of Juvenile Justice Act

"Juvenile offenders are likely to infiltrate into the country... time has come to change the archaic Juvenile Justice Act to ensure that terror suspect below the age of 18 should be tried under the stringent laws”                                    -Ujjwal Nikam, Special Public Prosecutor in the Mumbai shooting caseHistory of Juvenile Justice Juvenile Justice in India is... Continue Reading →


In India, the obsession for “White” skin tone is real. People drooling over a ‘fair’ skin tone is visible in the matrimonial ads. Not only this, but the use and popularity of whitening creams have been there in India since years, yet no one took cognizance of such products that advocate colour bias. Following the... Continue Reading →


Casteism is a great social evil that we must be fight against. We need to get rid of this unjust system. Moreover, it only exploits the lower caste sector and mends out ruthless treatment. The lower caste people are working hard and making a place for themselves in society today.                                                                                                                          India is a country... Continue Reading →

Abortion in India

"The touch of children is the delight of the body; the delight of the ear is the hearing of their speech".                                                                   -The great Tamil Saint Thiruvalluvar A mother has got a natural duty to provide the maximum best possible to her offspring. However, situations may arise where she indulges in activities, which injuriously affect... Continue Reading →

History of Laws related to Abortion

Abortion till date has been one of the most controversial matters in the arena of biomedical ethics. It is a subject that has been heavily discussed around the world and holds extremely divergent opinions as far its legality is concerned. The question surrounding this matter is whether it falls under the purview of the Indian... Continue Reading →

Abortion under Christianity

Abortion is defined in different ways by different people; the medical dictionary defines abortion as a premature exit of the product of conception from the uterus. It is the loss of pregnancy. Religion is a key factor in the control of morality in the society today. Within the various religious circles, it is argued and... Continue Reading →

Evolution of Punishment for Rape

‘Rape’ as a clearly defined offence was first introduced in the Indian Penal Code in 1860. Prior to this, there were often diverse and conflicting laws prevailing across India.  Section 375 of the IPC made the act of sex by a man with a woman if it was done against her will or without her... Continue Reading →

Types of Jurisdiction

The term ‘jurisdiction’ is not defined in the Civil Procedure Code, 1908. The word is derived from the Latin terms ‘juris’ and ‘dicto’ which means “I speak by the law”. Jurisdiction is always granted by the Legislature but the power to determine the jurisdiction vests in the superior Courts. Two meanings of jurisdiction can be... Continue Reading →

Right to Information, 2005

The Right to Information Act 2005 marks a significant shift for Indian democracy, for the greater the access of citizens to information, the greater will be the responsiveness of government to community needs.Right To Information is derived from our fundamental right of freedom of speech and expression under Article 19 of the Constitution. If we... Continue Reading →

Ordinance making power of the President

Ordinances are primarily just laws that are passed by the President of India, in times of need and urgency, to combat unforeseen circumstances- like the current pandemic.Ordinances have the same effect as an Act of Parliament. They enable the government to take immediate legislative action in desperate times. Article 123 of the Indian Constitution grants... Continue Reading →

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