Divorce by Mutual Consent

Since 1976, the Hindu Marriage Act has included mutual consent as a reason for divorce. The Special Marriage Act of 1954 was the sole Indian regulation that allowed for divorce by mutual consent prior to 1976. 1 If the marriage fails and the parties agree, a person married under the provisions of this Act may... Continue Reading →

White Collar Crime

White-collar crime is a broad term that refers to any criminal act perpetrated by commercial and government employees in the course of their jobs. White-collar crime encompasses a wide range of misdeeds, from antitrust infractions to environmental violations to health-care fraud. Individuals, communities, and society all suffer huge financial, physical, and social consequences as a... Continue Reading →

Cruelty as a Ground for Divorce

In section 13(1) of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act of 1976, "cruelty" was included as a reason for divorce (ia). The term "cruelty" is not defined in the Act, and it was previously not a basis for judicial separation. Cruelty can take the form of either physical or emotional abuse. Cruelty to one's body will... Continue Reading →

Marital Rape: Against Legal and Constitutional Rights

• Coverture Doctrine: The non-criminalized nature of marital rape dates back to the British era. The notion of blending a woman's identity with that of her husband has a strong influence on and is derived from marital rape.A married woman was not regarded a separate legal entity when the IPC was created in the 1860s.... Continue Reading →

Panchayati Raj System

The 73rd Constitutional Amendment granted constitutional standing to self-government entities known as Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), with the goal of making democracy more functional at the local level, driven by residents' demands and with their involvement. Economic growth, social justice, and the implementation of Central and State Government Schemes, including the 29 subjects listed in... Continue Reading →

UN Elimination of Violence Against Women & India

"Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life," according to the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women. The... Continue Reading →

Marital Rape: 1

Domestic violence is a long-standing problem in India, and it has only gotten worse in recent years. Domestic violence affects over 70% of Indian women. The NCRB's 'Crime in India' 2019 report was alarming but not shocking. According to the report, a woman in India is raped every 16 minutes, and she is subjected to... Continue Reading →

Israeli Palestinian Balance of Power

 In international affairs, the stance and policy of a nation or group of nations guarding itself from another nation or group of nations by balancing their force against the opposite side. States can pursue a balance of power policy in two ways:  by growing their own power, as in an arms race or the competitive... Continue Reading →

Constitutional Provisions Regarding Panchayati Raj

Part IX of the Indian Constitution establishes three tiers of Panchayats (only two tiers in the case of States or Union Territories with populations under 2 million): I Village-level Gram Panchayat (ii) District Panchayats at the district level, and (iii) Intermediate Panchayats between Gram Panchayats and District Panchayats at the sub-district level. It also establishes... Continue Reading →

Impeachment Of President

Meaning of Impeachment Impeachment is defined as the act of questioning something's integrity or validity. The term impeachment refers to the procedure for removing a person in a position from all of the powers and obligations that the post requires. Impeachment is the term used to describe the complete process of removing someone from office.It... Continue Reading →

India & United Nations

India was one of the United Nations' select members who signed the Declaration of the United Nations in Washington on January 1, 1942, and attended the landmark UN Conference on International Organizations in San Francisco from April 25 to June 26, 1945. During the United Nations' stormy years of struggle against colonialism and apartheid, India was at the vanguard. India was a co-sponsor of the momentous United Nations Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples of 1960, which emphasized the need to abolish colonialism in all its forms and manifestations unconditionally. India was also elected as the first head of the Decolonization Committee (committee of 24), where it is... Continue Reading →

Who is a Hindu

India is a country with a plethora of personal laws, with each community having its own set of rules. The Hindu group, which is the majority, has its own family law, as do Muslims, Christians, Jains, and Sikhs. Since the dawn of time, Hindus and Muslims have claimed that their rules are divinely inspired. Other... Continue Reading →

Changes in Israeli Palestinian Balance of Power

When we talk about Israeli Palestinian balance of power then in terms of all materialistic and political factors, Israel has an evident advantage in case of any future confrontations but also confer an important diplomatic advantage, in the sense that Israel controls most of the stakes in the dispute and therefore has a less urgent... Continue Reading →

Independent thought v. Union of India (case analyses)

Introdution The petitioner in this case, Independent Thought v. Union of India, was a registered organisation dedicated to the protection of children's rights, while the respondents were the Union of India and the National Commission for Women. The IPC's Section 375 defines rape and includes a provision defining the age of consent at 18. Section... Continue Reading →

Powers, Authority and Responsibility of Panchayats

Panchayats have the authority to draught plans and programmes for the village's economic development and social justice promotion. They are in charge of developing practical and well-thought-out programmes that will enable the villages' interests to be furthered. The State, according to Article 243G, decides the particular scope and degree of the panchayat's powers in the... Continue Reading →

Indian Contribution to United Nations Peacekeeping

India was among the select members of the United Nations that signed the Declaration by United Nations at Washington on 1 January 1942 and participated in the historic UN Conference of International Organization at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. since then India has always complied with united nation's policies and stood... Continue Reading →

Panchayati Raj System in India

Following the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, India's states began a radical democratic decentralization process. In terms of implementing the Panchayati Raj Institutions, certain states are ahead of others. In several governments, the system has been critical in shifting the old power structure, which has been dominated by a local elite bureaucratic network. In other states,... Continue Reading →


A cartel is a group of producers of an item or service that has formed a legal agreement to manage supply in order to control or manipulate prices. To put it another way, a cartel is a group of ordinarily independent enterprises or countries that act as if they were a single manufacturer, allowing them... Continue Reading →

Competition Act

Competition is the act of individual sellers striving to gain buyers' favour in order to increase earnings or market share. The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 was replaced by the Competition Act, 2002, which was adopted by the Indian Parliament. It currently governs Indian competition law. The Act aims to establish the legal... Continue Reading →

Functions of UNSC

United Nations Security Council, as the name suggests is a part and an important functioning organ of United nations. It was established along with the establishment if united nations with the main objective set as to maintain peace and order in the contemporary world solve issues between nations along with other problems. Its objectives and... Continue Reading →

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