Dimensions of online classes.

Introduction We all know that, now the whole world is suffering from a pandemic called 'Covid 19'. It have put an end to the life of many people. We had changed a lot from our previous living conditions. It has originated in 2019 but, still we are under the clutches of this octopus virus. But,... Continue Reading →

Food habits

Introduction Food is one of the essential thing for our existence. There are a lot of foods around us and now a days, we are consuming more fast foods than our traditional foods.This covid period has also taught us about a variety of foods and food habits.That's why, still we are searching for more and... Continue Reading →

Salus Populi Supreme Lex.

Introduction This maxim Salus Populi Supreme Lex means regard for public welfare is the highest law.If the legal right of an individual is violated, there is a remedy for it. But, in some cases, law takes no action even if a violation of a legal right caused to a person. This is based on this... Continue Reading →

Alcohol and its effects

Introduction Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant - it slows down the body's functions and its effects are similar to general anaesthetic. Alcoholism is the disease produced by the repeated misuse of ethyl alcohol. It is a Primary disease: it is not caused by some underlying psychological or moral flaw. It is a Chronic... Continue Reading →

The Family Courts

Introduction In view of increase in the incidence of matrimonial disputes and increasing pendency of the cases in civil and criminal courts, many requests had arose from the Judges and women organizations to the Central Government to pass a special legislation to deal exclusively with matrimonial matters. The law Commission in its reports 54 and... Continue Reading →


If a man is compelled to do an act out of sheer necessity, he will not be liable for the injurious consequences of it to another even if the said act has caused considerable damage to the latter. There is a well known saying that necessity knows no law. For example, if a boat fully... Continue Reading →

Damnum sine injuria and Injuria sine damno.

Generally a tort consists of some act done by a person which causes damage to another for which damages are claimed by the latter against the former. Damage here means injury or loss and damages means compensation claimed. The word injury is limited to an actionable wrong while damage means loss or harm occurring in... Continue Reading →

How to write an essay?

Essay is a systematic presentation of one's ideas on a particular topic for a particular purpose. The purpose of an essay may range from simple description to persuasive. However, all types of essays will have the same set-up regardless of the purpose. The steps of writing essays are simple contrary to common perception. The essay... Continue Reading →

Reproductive Rights and Women’s Health.

Women suffer health issue generally because of their ability to reproduce.The reproductive rights of women means the right of women to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health and at the same time achieving full participation in the social and economic life.It includes various rights of women such as-right to abortion, right to... Continue Reading →


India is one of the 193 countries that are signatories to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child(UNCRC).These rights include; (i) promoting healthy lives (addressing survival, nutrition, health care services etc.), (ii) providing quality education, and (iii) protection against abuse, exploitation and violence (combating child labor, child trafficking and child sexual abuse).... Continue Reading →

Law of Torts

Meaning and definition of torts. Law generally denotes any rule of human conduct enforced by the State. In its wider sense it includes all religious, social, political and moral rules of conduct. But all these are not strict rules of law. Only those rules of conduct of persons which are protected and enforced by the... Continue Reading →

Legal Language.

Legal language is the language of law, lawyers and Courts. Necessity of legal language arises in many circumstances which include the following :- (1) Oral representations, submissions and arguments before Courts. (2) Consultation among judges. (3) Communication between Judge and Advocate (4) Communication among lawyers (5) Consultation among lawyer, client and witnesses (6) Interpretation of... Continue Reading →


Citations are the references to authorities in support of legal propositions.Eg :- Citation of cases, citation of books, citation of articles. Article 141 of the Constitution of India provides that the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all courts within the territory of India. A legal principle laid down authoritatively by... Continue Reading →

Writing Research Reports.

A research report is the detailed description of the entire research work. The researcher has to present the research findings in the form of a report conveying the whole result of the study in sufficient details. Much of the report writing depends upon the topic, extent of the materials techniques, insight and imagination of the... Continue Reading →

Alternative Dispute Resolution.

Alternative Dispute Resolution is the process of resolution of disputes outside Courts to avoid problems of litigation. 1. Legal Service Authority Act The Legal Services Authority Act, 1987 aims at providing free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society by creating competent authorities. and organising Lok Adalats to promote justice. The... Continue Reading →

Relevancy of malice in tort.

In fixing liability under tort, malice is generally considered as an important factor. The word malice means spite, ill- will hatred, evil motive etc. Such malice is generally known as express malice or actual malice or malice in fact. It indicates the bad motive of a person in doing a particular act to cause evil... Continue Reading →

The Principle of Caveat emptor and Caveat venditor.

The law relating to consumer protection is not an innovation of the modern times. The people of ancient times were also aware of the need for protection of consumer interests. Regulations against adulterated food and false weights and measures are said to have prevailed in ancient times. For example: Old Testament, the code of Hamurabi,... Continue Reading →

Human Rights

Protection of Human Rights "Human Rights" means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforced by Courts. "International Covenants"  means the International Covenants on civil and political rights and the International Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights adopted... Continue Reading →

Law and Fact

While adjudicating a case, the court has to consider questions of both law and fact involved in the case. 1) Question of law (1) Question of a law is a question as to what the law on a point is.Eg: What is the period of limitation of a particular suit?  The law on this point... Continue Reading →

The Preamble of the Constitution.

The Constitution - makers gave to the preamble 'the place of pride'. It embodies in a solemn form of all the ideals and aspirations for which the country had struggled during the British regime. The preamble to an act sets out the main objective which the legislation is intended to achieve. It is a key... Continue Reading →

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