Prevention of Sexual Harassment Act 2013 

What amounts to Sexual Harassment? “Sexual Harassment” includes anybody or more of the subsequent unwelcome acts or behavior (whether directly or by implication) namely:— (i) physical contact and advances; or (ii) a demand or request for sexual favors; or (iii) making sexually colored remarks; or (iv) showing pornography; or (v) the other unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature; Section 3... Continue Reading →

Other authority under article 12

A) Article 12 of the Indian constitution According to article 12, 'State' includes government, legislature and all local and 'other authorities' within the territory of India. Fundamental rights can be claimed against the 'State'. If the term' other authority' is interpreted expansively, the category of bodies brought within the discipline of fundamental rights also increases.... Continue Reading →

Legal history: Radha Charan case

A) 1773 regulating actPrior to the introduction of the 1773 regulating act there existed company courts in the case of Calcutta which was brought by Warren Hastings namely the mofussil and Sadar courts. 1773 regulating act was introduced not with the purpose of a better administration, but rather to regulate the affairs of the East... Continue Reading →

Presumptions in the Indian Evidence Act 

Cambridge dictionary defines presumption as a belief that something is true because it is likely.  Presumption in law means an inference which the court draws based on the facts presented before it,  The basic rule of presumption is when one fact of the case or circumstances are considered as primary facts and if they are... Continue Reading →

Uniform Civil Code

Uniform Civil Code is the ongoing point of debate within the Indian mandate to replace personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in India with a common set of rules governing every citizen. In India, the purpose of the Uniform Civil code is to replace the personal laws based... Continue Reading →


INTRODUCTION The parliament recently passed THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (IDENTIFICATION) BILL 2022. The bill has drawn public discussions on the right to privacy. The purpose of the bill is to re-define ‘‘measurements’’ to include finger impressions, palm-print, and foot-print impressions, photographs, iris and retina scan, physical, biological samples and their analysis, etc, the bill also seeks... Continue Reading →


History of jury trials  After the renaissance movement in Europe major philosophies originated, be it liberalism from the protestant movement, Marxism from the industrial revolution. One such system which spread from the west to the rest of the world is the jury system or the trial by jury. The very concept of jury trial reflects... Continue Reading →

Artificial intelligence the new revolution

1)What is Artifical intelligence The term computing was coined in 1956, however AI has become a lot of widespread nowadays due to knowledge volumes, advanced algorithms, and enhancements in computing power and storage. Early AI analysis within the fifties explored topics like problem solving and symbolic ways. within the sixties, the United States of America Department of Defense took interest in this sort of work and commenced coaching computers to mimic basic human... Continue Reading →

Plea of Insanity under section 84 IPC

Insanity under section 84 IPC Section 84 IPC states that Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, by reason of unsoundness of mind, is incapable of knowing the nature of the act, or that he is doing what is either wrong or contrary to law.... Continue Reading →

Minortism: The threat it poses to Bharat in the 21st century

THE MEANING OF A NATION AND ITS APPLICATION TO BHARAT Article 1 of the Indian constitution declares that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. We are different people, but we are fine together. That is the nature of this country. The beauty of this land is that it observes every identity... Continue Reading →

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