Equity share capital: What is it?

Equity share capital

Equity Share Capital: What Is It?

Equity share capital is the money a company raises by selling shares to the public. Risk capital is another name for equity share capital.

  • Companies provide the general public the chance to subscribe for shares in the firm in order to raise the necessary funds. Investors provide funds and buy stock in the company. As a result, equity share capital refers to the funds obtained via the issuance of all the shares.
  • The equity shares become a regular source of funding for the business after they are issued to the general public through an IPO (Initial Public Offer). Furthermore, they are not redeemed and paid off until the company is dissolved.
  • The equity stockholders take advantage of the shares’ advantages concurrently. They take ownership of the business and get paid a dividend based on the amount of shares they buy. And what about that? They are entitled to receive shares of the remaining assets at the time of liquidation as well.
  • To raise money for growth and expansion is the primary goal of equity share issuance. Through an IPO, the business issues equity shares to the general public ( initial public offer). You can easily buy and sell shares whenever you want once they are listed on stock exchanges.

What Qualifies As Equity Share Capital?

You must now have a basic understanding of the idea of equity share capital. Let me briefly read out some of its features to help you understand it.

Permanent Character

The equity shares that the corporation issues are perpetual and irredeemable. These shares cannot be returned until and until the company decides to shut down operations.

Dividend pay-out and transferable

You can easily transfer ownership of Dividend Pay-Out and Transferable Equity shares to another investor because these shares are transferable.

In addition, a dividend on the shares is paid to the equity stockholders. The company’s profit for that specific year and the availability of finances determine the dividend amount. Therefore, anytime a corporation experiences a loss, that year’s dividend is not paid.

High Potential Return

Equity shares are unquestionably a risky and volatile investment. The high gains an investor receives from these shares, however, make the risk worthwhile.

Equity shares are the best option for you if you have a high risk appetite or if you can tolerate the risk. Profits from stock shares can be used to build wealth.

What Kinds Of Equity Share Capital Are There?

Look at the varieties of equity shares below for all the answers!

Ordinary shares

We’ll start off by discussing ordinary shares as the first category of equity shares. The primary goal of issuing these shares is to raise money to cover long-term expenses. Shareholders of common stock are entitled to take part in both the company’s management and other operations. Majority shareholders receive significant voting privileges within the company.

Preference  Equity Shares

These kinds of equity shares are distributed to investors as a promise that the accrued dividends would be paid. Shareholders with preference equity have preferential rights above those of common shareholders.

The voting rights of the preference shareholders are restricted. Additionally, if the shares participate, they will receive both the bonus returns and the profits that are specified. On the other hand, they cannot receive all of these benefits if the shares are non-participating.

Authorized share capital

It is the most money a business can raise through the issuance of shares to meet its capital needs. The companies are not required to issue the whole amount of authorised share capital, nevertheless. However, if they follow all laws and regulations, they are permitted to expand the authorised share capital. It covers a lot of ground.

Issued share capital

For this portion of the authorised share capital, applications are often welcomed from the general public. Alternatively, the capital that the corporation issued to the general public. It must stay within the authorised share capital restrictions. Additionally, the authorised share capital cannot be greater than the issued share capital. It also goes by the name “called up capital.”

subscribed share capital

Investors have subscribed for that portion of the issued share capital. When members register for shares, the company’s subscribed capital rises. Unsubscribed share capital is the money that remains after subscribed share capital.

Paid-up capital

It is the fraction of the subscribed share capital that has been called up, meaning the investors have already paid the sum.

The majority of the time, shareholders are expected to pay the full share price. While in other instances, investors make payments in instalments, such as the first call, second call, etc. They are referred to as “partially paid equity shares.”

Bonus shares

The Companies Act of 2013’s Section 63 defines bonus shares. These extra shares were given without charge to the current stockholders. According to how many shares a shareholder already has, they are distributed.

Bonus shares are a company’s accrued earnings that are converted into free shares rather than being given as dividends.

Rights shares

The Companies Act of 2013’s Section 62 defines rights issues. These are the shares that allow shareholders to buy more company shares at a discount from the market price. Right shares, on the other hand, only provide a right. The offer is open for the shareholders to approve or reject.

Equity sweat shares

As the term implies, sweat equity refers to the shares that companies provide to their employees in appreciation of their commitment and hardwork. These shares are being offered at a discount from their market value.

What Advantages Do Equity Share Capital Offer?

Now let’s examine the advantages of equity share capital.

Offers Creditworthiness

When you are an investor who has equity shares in a corporation, those shares also serve as collateral. Therefore, you can use them as collateral if you need a loan to meet your necessities. The equity shares of a corporation demonstrate its creditworthiness, which facilitates the loan approval process.

Highly Liquid

 Before making an investment in any financial instrument, liquidity must be taken into account. It refers to how quickly you can turn a financial investment into cash.

The most liquid assets are stock shares, which you may quickly sell on the market if the need arises. Therefore, you can immediately sell your investment in the event of an emergency.

Stock Split

Moving on to the stock split, which is a further benefit of equity shares. It entails dividing equity shares into smaller pieces and lowering the price of each component. Investors gain as a result of this.

Shares become more liquid when their price drops, and if the business is doing well, the high volume will result in a price increase. The stock split helps investors in this way.

High Income

Equity Shares Capital provides investors with high income. By purchasing equity shares in a company, you can simply make a big income. You not only make a good living, but you also receive a consistent dividend.


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