CRIME AGAINST WOMEN IN IPC 

Everyone in the globe is affected in some way by the brutality and rising number of crimes against women in the current situation. It demonstrates the magnitude and seriousness of the atrocity committed against women in recent years. A demonstration of this is the international campaign to eradicate violence against women. A cruel view toward women results in an increase in crimes against women, which is caused by changes in living standards, lifestyle, economic growth that is unbalanced, social ethos, and moral ideals that are barely given any thought. Further, such events are a cause for serious concern, and its structure is vital to ensuring that Indian women can live in peace, liberty, and respect in an environment free from horrors, denigration, and horrific crimes.

Such incidents also raise serious concerns, and their essential nature is necessary in order for Indian women to live with respect, dignity, pride, freedom, and harmony in a setting free from abominations, denigration, and horrifying violations. There are several legal laws that penalise offenders who commit crimes against women. However, the Indian Penal Code provides protections for women who are the victims of a variety of crimes, including as homicide, burglary, robbery, and so forth.

CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN (GLIMPSES OF INDIA PENAL CODE,1860)

Kidnapping (Sec 359,360,366)

Eve Teasing (Sec 509)

Chain snatching (Sec 378)

Rape (Sec 376,376A,376B,376C,376D)

Sexual Harassment (Sec 354A)

Domestic Violence (Sec 498A)

Cyber Crimes (Bullying, Abuse, Violence, Pornography)

Acid Attacks (Sec 326A,326B)

Stalking (Sec 354D)

Assault to outrage modesty (Sec 354,354B)

Women trafficking (Sec 370,370A,372,373)

IMPACT ON THE VICTIM

Crimes do not only occur in a certain group, class, culture, or nation. Women in India experience extended periods not just in the modern era. The government has taken numerous legal and other steps, but the rate of crime against women has not decreased. Women everywhere are affected by violence against them. It has an effect on women’s health, restricts their ability to fully participate in society, interferes with their enjoyment of their rights to sexual and reproductive health, and causes them and their families great physical and emotional pain. Women in India endure extended periods of suffering in silence. According to a BBC investigation, one woman experiences violence every five minutes. The primary barriers preventing a woman from speaking out against violence are a lack of financial assistance, a lack of family support, and compromises made for the sake of children. They typically have fewer access to jobs, homes, health care, etc.

According to the Report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 on

“Violence against Women”, women who have been physically and sexually abused by intimate

partner face serious health issues affecting their reproductive system and causing psychological

problems  like  depression. Victims of such abuse are more likely to  have  low weight babies at

birth. The chances of having abortions among such women are twice higher than the others and

they are likely from  depression twice as much than the other women.   Further,  the chances of

acquiring sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is high as 1.5% compared to women who

have not experienced sexual or physical abuse in their lifetime.

In   addition,  the  age-old   custom   of   dowry   has  been  found   to  be   strongly   related   to

violence against women in India (Babu  et al., 2010). Thus, cruelty by husband and in-laws on

issues related to dowry emerged as a risk factor for poor mental health of women. Unfortunately,

it is a characteristic of the Indian setting/society (Kumar et al., 2005). 

Traditional  and  cultural  practices   like   female  genital   mutilation   (FGM),  acid  attacks,

honor killings, i.e.,   killing  in the name  of  family honor,  early  marriages (with or  without the

consent of the girls), etc., perpetuate different types of crimes against women in India; leaving a

bad impact on the lives of women. They can lead to death and long-term psychological trauma

combined with increased physical suffering

According to the Report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 on

“Violence against Women”, women who have been physically and sexually abused by intimate

partner face serious health issues affecting their reproductive system and causing psychological

problems  like  depression. Victims of such abuse are more likely to  have  low weight babies at

birth. The chances of having abortions among such women are twice higher than the others and

they are likely from  depression twice as much than the other women.   Further,  the chances of

acquiring sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is high as 1.5% compared to women who

have not experienced sexual or physical abuse in their lifetime.

In   addition,  the  age-old   custom   of   dowry   has  been  found   to  be   strongly   related   to

violence against women in India (Babu  et al., 2010). Thus, cruelty by husband and in-laws on

issues related to dowry emerged as a risk factor for poor mental health of women. Unfortunately,

it is a characteristic of the Indian setting/society (Kumar et al., 2005). 

Traditional  and  cultural  practices   like   female  genital   mutilation   (FGM),  acid  attacks,

honor killings, i.e.,   killing  in the name  of  family honor,  early  marriages (with or  without the

consent of the girls), etc., perpetuate different types of crimes against women in India; leaving a

bad impact on the lives of women. They can lead to death and long-term psychological trauma

combined with increased physical suffering

According to the Report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 on

“Violence against Women”, women who have been physically and sexually abused by intimate

partner face serious health issues affecting their reproductive system and causing psychological

problems  like  depression. Victims of such abuse are more likely to  have  low weight babies at

birth. The chances of having abortions among such women are twice higher than the others and

they are likely from  depression twice as much than the other women.   Further,  the chances of

acquiring sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is high as 1.5% compared to women who

have not experienced sexual or physical abuse in their lifetime.

In   addition,  the  age-old   custom   of   dowry   has  been  found   to  be   strongly   related   to

violence against women in India (Babu  et al., 2010). Thus, cruelty by husband and in-laws on

issues related to dowry emerged as a risk factor for poor mental health of women. Unfortunately,

it is a characteristic of the Indian setting/society (Kumar et al., 2005). 

Traditional  and  cultural  practices   like   female  genital   mutilation   (FGM),  acid  attacks,

honor killings, i.e.,   killing  in the name  of  family honor,  early  marriages (with or  without the

consent of the girls), etc., perpetuate different types of crimes against women in India; leaving a

bad impact on the lives of women. They can lead to death and long-term psychological trauma

combined with increased physical suffering

According to the Report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2017 on

“Violence against Women”, women who have been physically and sexually abused by intimate

partner face serious health issues affecting their reproductive system and causing psychological

problems  like  depression. Victims of such abuse are more likely to  have  low weight babies at

birth. The chances of having abortions among such women are twice higher than the others and

they are likely from  depression twice as much than the other women.   Further,  the chances of

acquiring sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is high as 1.5% compared to women who

have not experienced sexual or physical abuse in their lifetime

Conclusion

The prevalence of crimes against women makes it urgent to take action and safeguard women from such crimes. Making women feel safe in our society is everyone’s responsibility. Every woman has the right to a life of respect and dignity. Only laws won’t do; every citizen needs to promise to respect every woman. Women support the wellbeing and productivity of the entire family. The only remedy in India is gender equality, but many Indians still hold the belief that women are less strong than males. Women’s empowerment campaigns are like a breath of fresh air in the lives of women because they are still not allowed to make decisions for themselves. In a nation like India, where women experience injustice, woman empowerment is urgently needed. Women should live in a culture that is fearless.

REFERENCES

Dhingra, N. Comparative Study of Crime against Women in Punjab and Haryana State in Indian context.

Vir, G., & Haridwar, U. (2021). Crime Against Women: An Indian Scenario.

Paul, R., Goswami, A., & Pal, B. (2021). An Analysis of Reported Crime against Women and Girls in Eastern India.

Mishra, P. K., & Kumar, A. (2022). Indian Criminal Justice System and Crime against Woman: A Critical Analysis. Issue 2 Int’l JL Mgmt. & Human.5, 1291.

Hasan, Z. Crime Against Women: A Study of Women’s Status in India.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at secondinnings.hr@gmail.com

In the year 2021, we wrote about 1000 Inspirational Women In India, in the year 2022, we would be featuring 5000 Start Up Stories.

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