CONCURENCE OF MENS REA AND ACTUS REA 

AN INISGHT TO MENS REA 

Mens rea could be a Latin term which essentially means “guilty mind”. Mens rea is the foremost vital recognizing component which connects incredible significance to the state of intellect of the blamed individual at the time of the commission of a crime. It is critical to note that no act is criminal by itself unless it is gone with by a mens rea. This can be best spoken to by the common law adage; Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea, which interprets to “the act isn’t blameworthy unless the intellect is guilty”. Unless the blamed can be demonstrated to have acted with criminal expectation he cannot be held at risk beneath the criminal law. Criminal risk requires the nearness of mens rea essentially while beneath gracious law confirmation of damage is adequate to pull in liability. 

AN INISGHT TO ACTUS REUS  

To constitute a wrongdoing the third component, which we’ve called wrongdoing or which Russell has named as “physical event”, is essential. Presently, what is this actus reus? It could be a physical result of human conduct. When criminal arrangement respects such conduct as adequately hurtful it’s precluded and thus the criminal approach gives a endorse or punishment for its commission. The wrongdoing might moreover be characterized inside the words of Kenny to be “such comes about of human conduct since the law looks for to stop.” Such human conduct may comprise of acts of the commission moreover as acts of exclusion. Section 32 of our lawful code lays down:  

“Words which inquire acts done expand too to illicit omissions.” 

CONCURENCE OF MENS REA AND ACTUS REA 
Criminal reason must exist at the same time as a criminal act, concurring to the concept of chronological concurrence. There must be a concurrence between the Mens rea and the actus reus.  

What happens in case D has the mens rea for a certain wrongdoing at a few points and after that does an act that meets the physical prerequisites for that wrongdoing, but the mental state was not display at the time the act was committed? For occasion, D wounds his casualty with the aim of slaughtering him, but only wounds him, and after that hurls the body into a stream, accepting the casualty is dead. Is suffocating the genuine cause of passing? You erroneously get someone’s umbrella from an eatery, find it’s not yours after 5 minutes, and choose to keep it. Have you ever committed burglary, which is characterized as the taking of another person’s property with the point to deny him of it? The taking after are the imperative focuses in this respect. 

AN INDEPTH INSIGHT TO CONCURRENCE TO MENS REA AND ACTUS REUS 

The truth that he afterward procured the essential mental state is irrelevant. Concurrence must be with the act instead of the outcome. An alter of intellect will not make the wrongdoing go away. Concurrence can apply to any act that causes lawful injury. The act must be caused by a mental condition.  

What happens on the off chance that the D has the fundamental mens rea for one wrongdoing but his act satisfies the criteria for another? For case, assume D plans to perform a basic attack on his casualty, but the casualty turns out to be a hemophiliac and drains to passing erratically? At slightest within the case of violations characterized in terms of undesirable results, there must be an understanding between the mens rea and the antagonistic result. (For case, crime, assault, and so on) 

Hence, on the off chance that the hurt that truly happens is totally diverse from what the D aiming, coming about in a distinctive, more shocking wrongdoing, the D will not be found blameworthy of the more genuine wrongdoing. The common thought is that in case the real damage is more prominent and associated to the required result, there’s no obligation for the more prominent hurt. In case the genuine hurt is less serious than that expecting and of the same wide nature but is related to a diverse and less genuine wrongdoing, the D is responsible for the less genuine crime.  

In Mohindar Singh vs The State (1959), the Court held that the offense is decided by the presence of both mens rea and an actus reus. Both parts of the wrongdoing must be show, and verification of blameworthy reason without the obvious Act, or verification of a deed not incited by any criminal aim, will not result in a conviction. 

The prosecution must demonstrate both parts of the wrongdoing by illustrating that the denounced did anything that, in law, would constitute a purposeful to commit an offense which in doing so, he was spurred by a want to attain a clear objective, which constituted the particular crime.  

CASE LAW  

In Fowler v. Padget (1798), the Court held that Actus reus and mens rea are both required for the commission of a wrongdoing. Ruler Kenyon expressed, “Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea may be a principle of common equity and our law.” To be a wrongdoing, both the expectation and the act must be display. This was a bankruptcy-related case. 

The occurrences where mens rea isn’t considered in cutting edge times, a huge number of criminal offenses have been created in which no sign of expectation or other mental condition is required. The nonappearance of mens rea has customarily been associated with a number of wrongdoings, such as statutory assault, in which knowledge that the casualty is beneath the age of assent isn’t required for obligation, and polygamy, in which the parties accept they are free to wed in great confidence. A number of controls directing economic or other activities ordinarily known as open welfare offenses where fines don’t require mens rea to be demonstrated. 

REFERENCES 

  1. AIR 1960 P H 135 
  1. (1798) 7 Term Rep 509 
  1. https://uk.practicallaw.thomsonreuters.com/D-100-7296?transitionType=Default&contextData=(sc.Default)&firstPage=true  
  1. https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/criminal_law#:~:text=In%20general%2C%20every%20crime%20involves,but%2Dfor%20causation%22).  
  1. https://www.britannica.com/topic/criminal-law/The-elements-of-crime  
  1. https://open.lib.umn.edu/criminallaw/chapter/4-1-criminal-elements/  
  1. https://blog.ipleaders.in/constituent-elements-of-a-crime/  
  1. https://legaljobs.io/blog/elements-of-a-crime/  
  1. https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_criminal-law/s08-the-elements-of-a-crime.html  
  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Element_(criminal_law

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.

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The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at secondinnings.hr@gmail.com

In the year 2021, we wrote about 1000 Inspirational Women In India, in the year 2022, we would be featuring 5000 Start Up Stories.

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