BIOGRAPHY OF CHIEF JUSTICE AZIZ MUSHABBER AHMADI

26th CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA

HON’BLE MR. JUSTICE A. M. AHMADI

Justice Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi was an Indian Jurist born on 25.3.1932(SURAT) INDIA. V. S. Trivedi Tutorial High School, Gujarat College, Sir L. A. Shah Law College, Ahmedabad, and Sarvajanik Law College, Surat, are where Justice A. M. Ahmadi received his education. Justice A. M. Ahmadi joined as a District Pleader in the Bombay High Court on June 15, 1954, after receiving numerous degrees. Later, on 21.2.1962, he was admitted as an advocate of the Gujarat High Court and began practicing on both the civil and criminal sides. He was appointed as a judge in Ahmedabad’s City Civil and Sessions Court ten years later, in 1964. In 1974, Justice Ahmadi was appointed Secretary of the State of Gujarat’s Legal Affairs. Shortly after, in 1976, he was named a Judge of the Gujarat High Court. He was initially appointed as a Gujarat High Court Additional Judge. Later, on December 28, 1977, Justice A. M. Ahmadi was named a permanent Judge.

Justice Ahmadi served as the chairman of several advisory boards while serving as a judge on the Gujarat High Court

  • Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities
  • Prevention of Black Marketing
  • Maintenance of Supplies of Essential Commodities

As part of the Rajiv-Longowal Settlement, Justice Ahmadi served as a member of the Ravi & Beas Waters Disputes Tribunal (Punjab Settlement).

As a result, in December 1988, he was appointed as a Justice of the Supreme Court of India. In October 1994, Ahmadi was appointed Chief Justice of India after six years. The third Muslim to hold the position of Chief Justice of India was Justice Ahmadi. He eventually retired in March 1997 after serving for two and a half years.

Justice Ahmadi participated in 811 benches and authored 232 decisions while serving on the Supreme Court.

IMPORTANT JUDGEMENTS:

Uniform Civil Code Case-

Chief Justice Ahmadi concurred that section 304A of the IPC, not section 304(II), should apply to this offense (culpable homicide not amounting to murder). The NGOs raised a ruckus after the suspects were found guilty and given two-year prison sentences after being convicted under section 304A, forcing the government to submit a curative plea in the Supreme Court, which was denied by a five-judge panel that maintained the Justice Ahmadi bench’s ruling.

S. R. Bommai v. India Case-

The court in S. R. Bommai v. India was required to determine the president’s authority to enforce the rule under Article 356 and the scope of that authority. The panel, which included Justice Ahmadi, came to the conclusion that the President’s authority in this area was not unqualified and that the President would require the approval of both Houses of Parliament in order to exercise it. The court also found that Article 356’s authority over the President might be subject to judicial scrutiny.

Indra Sawhney v. Union of India-

The majority (including Justice Ahmadi) in Indra Sawhney v. Union of India held, among other things, that Article 16(4), which permits the State to make reservations, was not an exception to Article 16(1), which ensures that all citizens have equality of opportunity in all matters of employment, but rather a feature of the equality of opportunity guaranteed in clause 16. (1). The bench also stated that castes might be included in any class of society that was economically and socially backward in order to receive quota benefits.

Ismail Faruqui v. Union of India

Justices S. P. Bharucha and Ahmadi were in the minority in the case Ismail Faruqui v. Union of India, widely known as the Ayodhya controversy. The minority declared the Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act, 1993 to be illegal in a ruling written by S P Bharucha. They believed that the Act limited the Muslim Community’s ability to seek remedy by preventing them from pleading and demonstrating adverse possession. Such restrictions were judged by the court to be incompatible with secularism and, thus, with the Constitution’s fundamental principles.

REMARKABLE ACHIEVEMENTS:

In support of Muslim rights in India, Justice Ahmadi speaks out. He also participates in Indian politics as an advocate for minority rights, most recently with the release of the book “A Guide to Uplift Minorities” by the city-based Human Welfare Trust. At the esteemed Aligarh Muslim University, Justice Ahmadi was appointed chancellor. Ahmadi was re-elected as Aligarh’s chancellor for three years in 2007. Among the many honors bestowed upon him are his membership in The American Inn of Laws, his appointment as Honorary Master Bencher by The Honourable Society of Middle Temple in London, and his Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Leicester in England (Honoris Causa).

REFERENCES:

https://nalsa.gov.in/patron-in-chief/hon-ble-mr-justice-a-m-ahmadi

https://gujarathighcourt.nic.in/cjjfull?jid=472

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aziz_Mushabber_Ahmadi#:~:text=Aziz%20Mushabber%20Ahmadi%20(A.%20M.,served%20from%201994%20to%201997.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

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