A Brief History
61st Amendment Act of the Constitution was passed by Rajya Sabha on 20th December 1988, to reduce the voting age from 21 to 18 years. The bill endeavoured to alter Article 326 of the Indian Structure, which administers Lok Sabha and Assemblies elections. The 61st Amendment Act, 1988 was presented within the Lok Sabha as the Structure (62nd Correction) Charge, 1988 on December 13, 1988 by B. Shankaranand, the then-Minister of Water Resources.
Proposal and Enactment
The bill of The Constitution (Sixty-first Amendment) Act, 1988 was presented within the Lok Sabha on 13 December 1988, as the Structure (Sixty-second Alteration) Charge, 1988 (Bill No. 129 of 1988). It was presented by B. Shankaranand, at that point Serve of Water Resources. The bill looked for to amend Article 326 of the Constitution, relating to elections to the Lok Sabha and to the Administrative Assemblies of States based on adult suffrage. The total content of the Explanation of Objects and Reasons added to the charge is given below:
Article 326 of the Constitution provides that the elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of each State should be on the premise of adult suffrage, that’s to say, a individual ought to not be less than 35 a long time of age. It has been found that numerous of the nations have indicated 18 a long time as the voting age. In our nation a few of the State Governments have embraced 18 a long time of age for races to the nearby specialists. The present-day youth are proficient and edified and the bringing down of the voting age would give to the unrepresented youth of the nation an opportunity to grant vent to their sentiments and offer assistance them ended up a portion of the political handle. The present-day youth are exceptionally much politically cognizant. It is, subsequently, proposed to decrease the voting age from 21 a long time to 18 years.
— B. Shankaranand, “The Constitution (Sixty-second Amendment) Bill, 1988”.
Salient Features of the Act
- Article 326 of the Structure of India deals with elections to the Houses and to the State Legislative Assemblies on the premise of universal adult suffrage.
- The article before being revised by the 61st Amendment stated that any citizen of India who is 21 a long time or above, and who isn’t precluded on any other grounds such as non-residence, wrongdoing, degenerate or illicit hones or unsoundness of intellect, is qualified to vote at an election.
- The proposition to diminish the voting age to 18 years was brought almost to extend the participation of the youth within the electoral process of the country.
- Nowadays, in India almost 52 lakh voters are 18 years of age and they do play a unequivocal part within the result of the elections happening in India.
- In 2011, there was a conversation of decreasing the age further to 16 years but nothing has come of it so far.
- The Constitution (Sixty-first Revision) Act, 1988 was presented within the Lok Sabha on 13th December 1988 by the then Water Resources Minister B. Shankaranand.
- It was debated and passed by the lower house on 15th The Rajya Sabha passed the bill on 20th December. As per law, more than half the state governing bodies had to approve the bill and this was appropriately gotten. As it were five states, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu and Tripura did not ratify.
- The bill received the presidential consent on 28th March 1989 when the at that point President R Venkataraman consented it.
- In this way, the act came into force on 28th March 1989 and from that day onwards, any citizen who is otherwise qualified might take part within the equitable forms in India from the age of 18 years.
Lowering of the voting age given to the unrepresented youth of the nation an opportunity to precise their sentiments and offer assistance them to gotten to be a portion of the political handle. The present-day youth are exceptionally much politically cognizant. It was, hence, proposed to diminish the voting age from 21 years to 18 years.
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