Study India Energy Conservation With The Energy Conservation Act, 2001


The growing demand for energy has led to the burning of fossil fuels in an exceedingly great amount which directly impacted the environment. It’s vital to use energy with efficiency and its conservation is that the prime priority. There’s s a study wherever it’s aforesaid that just around about 25000 power unit will be preserved if we tend to use end-use energy and demand-side management measures throughout Bharat. If one person proficiently uses power or conserves it by only 1 unit then the requirement for recent energy are reduced by pair of times or pair of 2.5 times. By saving energy or exploitation it with efficiency it will reduce the value of energy by 1/5 as compared to recent energy creation.

(1) Our country encompasses a large potential for energy saving.

(2) It’s calculable that measures for energy conservation and up energy potency have the potential for making constant capability of a minimum of 25000 MW.

(3) The Govt. of India(Bharat) pass the Energy Conservation Act for redeem the potential, and it came into force from March 1st 2002.

(4) The Act provides the legal framework, institutional arrangement and a regulative mechanism at the Central and State level to embark upon the energy potency drive within the country.

India Energy Outlook (IEA)

The 1st India Energy Outlook report was discharged in 2015 by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Six years later, the organization has discharged the India-specific energy outlook report in the month February 2021.

India Energy Outlook may be a country-specific version of IEA’s World Energy Outlook. To focus on, the report mentioned that India can overtake EU as the world’s third-largest energy client by 2030.

(1) India encompasses a large scope for more growth in energy demand and infrastructure:

India’s energy consumption is that the third-largest within the world.

As per the report, 80% of India’s energy demands measure met by coal, oil, and solid biomass

(2) The primary first consumption of energy in India to double because the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is predicted to expanded to 8.6 trillion United States by 2040.

(3) The worldwide energy demand growth is that the largest for India between 2019-2040 because it accounts for nearly one-quarter of it.

(4) It’s the second-largest growth in renewable energy. China stands at the highest.

(5) Bharat goes to overtake the EU in terms of its energy system by 2030.

(6) By 2040, Bharat can lead the oil demand growth within the world given its five-fold increase in its per capita automobile ownerships.

(7) The demand for fossil fuel gas is going to triple by 2040 creating it the fastest-growing marketplace for fossil fuel natural gas.

The fossil fuel demand is highly projected to more than 3 times to 201 billion cubic meters and coal demand is uprising to 772 million tonnes in 2040 from the present 590.

(8) The report also mention India’s future dependence on fossil fuel imports to satisfy its energy needs. It mentioned that Bharat production of domestic oil and gas is stagnating.

Its net dependence on oil imports will increase from 75 percent to 90 percent by 2040 as domestic consumption rises rather more than production.

From 2010 to 2019, the dependence on gas imports has increased from 20 percent to 50 percent. The amount is predicted to rise to 60 percent by 2040.

The combined import bill for fossil fuels is to 3 times by 2040

Main Points of the Energy conservation Act:

(1) To serve the economical and effective use of energy and its conservation.

(2) This offer associate degree approach system and direction to national energy conservation activities.

(3) Organize policies and programmes on the effective utilization of energy with shareholders.

(4) Build up framework and techniques to verify measures and monitor energy potency enhancements within the non-public and public sector at personal and national level.

(5) Leverage the support of multilateral, bilateral and personal sectors to form into effect the Energy Conservation Act.

(6) Show Energy potency delivery system through a public-private partnership.

(7) To set up, manage and actualize energy conservation programs as visualising in the Energy Conservation Act

Functions of BEE under Act :

(1) The Bureau of Energy Potency has been established with effect from March 1st 2002 below the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.

(2) It’s to blame for the implementation of policies and programmes associated with energy.

(3) It conjointly coordinates the implementation of energy conservation activities.

(4) The mission of the Bureau is:

To institutionalise energy potency services.

To alter delivery mechanisms within the country

To produce leadership to energy efficiency in all told sectors of the economy

To help in developing policies and methods with a thrust on self-regulation and market principles, within the general framework of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 (Amendment Act, 2010

(5) Its primary objective is to scaled back energy level within the Indian economy.

Fund by Centre under Act:

(1) This fund is to be founded at the Centre to develop the delivery mechanism for large-scale adoption of energy efficiency services, like performance contracting and promotion of Energy Service Firms (ESCOs).

(2) The fund is predicted to present a thrust to R & D and demonstration in order to boosting market penetration of economical equipment and appliances.

(3) It might support the creation of facilities for testing and development and to push promoting consumer awareness.


The Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill was introduced within the Lok Sabha on 8 March2010. The Bill will increases the penalty specific for offenses committed under the Act. Every offence shall attract a penalty of Rs 10 lakh (Rs 10,000 earlier), with a further penalty of Rs 10,000 for every day that the offense remains (Rs 1000 earlier). The extra penalty, for those industries who consume energy above the norms, are the worth of the surplus energy consumed.


India is the Vast And developing nation and need of energy Is high for individual people and for Industries. For this Vast nation the use of Non-renewable resources is harmful for environment. Thus government of India and individual need change from traditional resources to Renewable Resources which good for the present generation and future Generation. Renewable resources are resolution to reduce the effect of global warming in country and in world. India start working on it by huge invest and setup Renewable resources in country.

References :








(8) Energy Conservation Act, 2001 Along with Allied Rules Book


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