Child Labour & Constitutional Provision

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.

Children engaged in this are deprived of basic experiences such as schooling and are physically and mentally scarred. 

The reasons causes to Child Labour can be poverty, lack of decent schooling and education and growth of the informal economy. Child labour results in suffering physical and mental trauma which can be scarring for life. Apart from not getting an education, the child is also subjected to various kinds of abuse and this prevents him/her from blossoming into a happy and healthy adult.

Child Labour: Constitutional and Legal Provisions

According to Article 23 of the Constitution any type of forced Labour is prohibited.

Article 24 states that child under 14 years cannot be employed to perform any hazardous work.

Article 39 states that “the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused.  

In Child Labour Act (Prohibition and Regulation) 1986 prohibits children under the age of 14 years to be working in hazardous industries and processes.

– Any person who employs a child below 14 or a child between 14 and 18 in a hazardous occupation or process can be punished with jail time of between six months and two years and/or fine between Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 50,000.

All forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery including but not limited to the sale or trafficking of children, debt bondage, and forced or compulsory labor. It also means the forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict. The use of a child for illicit activities in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined in the relevant international treaties. It also includes work, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, that is likely to harm the health, safety, and morals of children.

Our Initative:-

1- Generate awareness about the ill-effects of child labour,

2- Encourage parents to send their children to school,

3- Create an environment where children stop working and get enrolled in schools instead,

4- Ensure that children have sufficient facilities available in schools,

Conclusion

Child labour acts as a major barrier to education, affecting both attendance and performance in school. We have to stop child labour to form a new and educated youth for new bharat nirman.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at secondinnings.hr@gmail.com

In the year 2021, we wrote about 1000 Inspirational Women In India, in the year 2022, we would be featuring 5000 Start Up Stories.

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