Ab Initio – From the very beginning, from the start of something

Eg – An agreement is considered to be void ab initio if it is not legally valid.

Ad idem – meeting of the minds by parties.

Eg – Consensus ad idem in contract law means there has been a meeting of the minds of all parties involved.

Ad infinitum – to continue forever without limit.

Eg – If two parties enter into a contract which is a non-terminating one then it is said to be an ad infinitum contract. Like contracts in perpetuity.

Ad nauseum – disgusting or ridiculous to the extent of causing nausea (vomiting).

Eg – Mr. A has been bored ad nauseam by speeches of Mr. B

Ad valorem – Proportionate to the value

Eg – Imports are charged 8%, exports 1% ad valorem duty.

Alibi – At another place, elsewhere. The fact or state of having been elsewhere at the time.

Eg – X is charged of killing Y at Y’s home. X offers evidence that he was in class that day at the time of the murder thus, as per principle of alibi X is not liable.

Ambiguitas latens – latent ambiguity not appearing on instant inspection.

Eg – A and B entered into a contract. A’s lawyer was not able to advise A on a clause which was Ambiguitas latens in nature.

Amicus Curiae – A person or organization that is not a party to the litigation but is permitted by law to advise it (court), friend of the court

E.g – Mr. A being a environmental scientist was appointed as amicus curie by the Hon’ble Court in an environmental law related matter.

Animus possidendi – An intention to possess.

Eg – A possessor has Animus possidendi which is different from ownership in the land.

Audi alteram partem – Let the other side be heard as well.

Eg – Government has suspended his employee Mr. X without giving notice to him. Mr. X approached the Court of law with a plea that the Government has not followed the principle of audi alteram partem.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.


Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

In the year 2021, we wrote about 1000 Inspirational Women In India, in the year 2022, we would be featuring 5000 Start Up Stories.

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