11 Indicators of OBC

Reservation policy

The Mandal Commission adopted various methods and techniques to collect the necessary data and evidence. In order to identify who qualified as an “other backward class,” the commission adopted eleven criteria which could be grouped under three major headings: social, educational and economic. 11 criteria were developed to identify OBCs.

Social

Castes/classes considered as socially backward by others,

Castes/classes which mainly depend on manual labour for their livelihood,

Castes/classes where at least 25 per cent females and 10 per cent males above the state average get married at an age below 17 years in rural areas and at least 10 per cent females and 5 per cent males do so in urban areas.

Castes/classes where participation of females in work is at least 25 per cent above the state average.

Educational

Castes/classes where the number of children in the age group of 5–15 years who never attended school is at least 25 per cent above the state average.

Castes/classes when the rate of student drop-out in the age group of 5–15 years is at least 25 per cent above the state average,

Castes/classes amongst whom the proportion of matriculates is at least 25 per cent below the state average,

Economic

Castes/classes where the average value of family assets is at least 25 per cent below the state average,

Castes/classes where the number of families living in kuccha houses is at least 25 per cent above the state average,

Castes/classes where the source of drinking water is beyond half a kilometre for more than 50 per cent of the households,

Castes/classes where the number of households having taken consumption loans is at least 25 per cent above the state average.

Weighting indicators

As the above three groups are not of equal importance for the purpose, separate weightage was given to indicators in each group. All the Social indicators were given a weightage of 3 points each, ‘educational indicators were given a weightage of 2 points each and economic indicators were given a weightage of 1 point each. Economic, in addition to Social and Educational Indicators, were considered important as they directly flowed from social and educational backwardness. This also helped to highlight the fact that socially and educationally backward classes are economically backward also.

Thus, the Mandal Commission judged classes on a scale from 0 to 22. These 11 indicators were applied to all the castes covered by the survey for a particular state. As a result of this application, all castes which had a score of 50% (i.e. 11 points) were listed as socially and educationally backward and the rest were treated as ‘advanced’.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.

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In the year 2021, we wrote about 1000 Inspirational Women In India, in the year 2022, we would be featuring 5000 Start Up Stories.

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