The Constitution – makers gave to the preamble ‘the place of pride’. It embodies in a solemn form of all the ideals and aspirations for which the country had struggled during the British regime. The preamble to an act sets out the main objective which the legislation is intended to achieve. It is a key to the intentional of the makers of the act.
The preamble clearly indicates that the source of all authority for the constitution is the people of India. It starts “we, the people of India”. It ends “in our Constituent Assembly do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution”.
The Preamble contains the enacting clause which brings into force the constitution. Above all, the Preamble declares the great rights and freedom, which the people of India intended to secure to all citizens and the basic type of Government and policy which was to be established.
Actually, Preamble is the key to open the mind of the makers of the Constitution and that does not mean that the Preamble is to override the express provisions of the Act.If the terms used in the Constitution are ambiguous or capable of two meanings in interpreting them, some assistance may be taken from the objectives enshrined in the Preamble and the interpretation which fits with the Preamble may be preferred.
The Preamble of the Constitution declares India to be a ‘Sovereign’, ‘Socialist’, ‘Secular’, ‘Democratic’, ‘Republic’.India is ‘Republic’ because the head of the state is not a hereditary monarch. It is ‘Democratic’ because the constitution rests on the people’s will and the institutions set up under it shall seek to give effect to democratic principles.
India is sovereign because India is no longer dependent upon any outside authority. Socialist is to be interpreted with socialism which provides a decent standard of life to the people. The word integrity is intended to put an end to separatist tendencies and make people feel that every part of India is their home. In short, the edifice of our Constitution is based upon the basic elements mentioned in the Preamble.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
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