Child labour is the illegal act of forcing very young children to work. In India, multiple industries force children to work illegally. Among many sectors and industrial area, the agriculture sector attracts more children to engage in agricultural activity to earn their living. Eighty-five percent of children are from Indian rural sectors, which are employed due to various social factors that fail to meet their lifestyle.
Listening to children is vital to achieving success in the fight against child labour.
Child labour is one of the social issues which requires the immediate attention of the authorities. Child Labour refers to the working of children and teens or young children to earn a livelihood and support their family. The children are forced to work like adults at a young age or at the age of their studies or age of playing, this act is called Child Labour. It simply ceases the childhood of small children. It leads to physical, social, and moral harm to little children at that stage when they want to grow, play, enjoy etc. The number of children who are forcefully employed is undetected in India. The children are sometimes forced to work under bad working conditions and inadequate wages, food, or rest. Many children are affected physically, sexually, mentally, and emotionally. They are hurted and this caused an injury for life time.
TYPES OF CHILD LABOUR
1. Child labour in agriculture.
2. Child labour and armed conflict.
3. Commercial sexual exploitation of children.
4. Child labour and domestic work.
5. Migration and child labour.
REASON OF CHILD LABOUR
Child labour and exploitation are the results of many factors like
POVERTY :- People have no money or they live below poverty line. They have not enough money to spend on their daily uses. This is the main causes of increasing child labour in India.
SOCIAL NORMS:- Social Norms also play a great role as society people not make people to live in comfortable life. This is also a reason for child labour.
LACK OF DECENT WORK OPPORTUNITIES FOR ADULTS AND ADOLESCENT :- There is great lack of decent work opportunities in India. Even during pendemic situation of COVID 19 people lost their jobs which creates poorness in people life. This is the reason for child labour.
These factors are not only the cause but also a consequence of social inequities reinforced by discrimination.
Other factors of child Labour include the informal economy’s size, the inability of most Indian industries to scale up, lack of modern technologies, and the structure and inflexibility of the Indian market.
Children are employed due to social obligation, or loans and debts made by the families. Usually, children are forced to employ their families in brick kilns, stone and quarries, and agricultural sectors.
The children of the migrant workers and those that belong to the marginalized sections and Dalits in the society are pledged to work in small production houses and factories in the urban areas. Child Labourers on the bond are usually subjected to physical, emotional, mental, and sexual abuse, even leading to death.
HOW TO STOP CHILD LABOUR
To abolish child labour, many constitutional provisions were made. Despite that, many children are exploited under unsafe work conditions. Many children tend to leave their studies for paid labour to support their families. The cruel world ceases their childhood joys. Against child labour and cruelty only enacted provision by the Indian Constitution was The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. Other provisions like the factories Act,1948, the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act-2000, and so on for prevention against child labour lacks proper implementation and enforcement.
Despite the severe limitations of child labour’s surviving evidence, some general conclusions may be drawn. The government should impose strict laws against Child labour, and The government should come up with free educational schemes to provide opportunities to low-income households.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.
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