The impact of education on preventing Child labour in India

INTRODUCTION

COVID-19 appears to have wrecked all of the Indian government’s attempts to give children with a better education and a better life. The bad financial situation of parents, as well as the inaccessibility of online education, have contributed to an increase un the number of school dropouts globally. At that age, children are encouraged to learn, play, study, and dream about what they want to be in the future, but child labour steals their dreams and forces them to work hard physically and intellectually for a small amount of money.

What is Child Labour?

Child labour is best characterised as employment that robs children of their youth, ambitions, and potential. It also has a negative impact on physical and mental development. Involvement of minors under the age of 18 in various economic tasks, whether paid or unpaid, might be mental or physical.

Reasons for Child Labour

Poverty

It refers to such a situation where a human is unable to meet the minimum standard of living, necessities due to the absence of enough financial resources. When a family goes through this phase they expect their kids to work and earn some money to support the family and feed them. Due to scarcity parents are left with no other option than to send their children for work even at a very low wage rate.

Overpopulation

According to WORLDOMETER elaboration, India’s population is approx. 138 crore, out of which 42.75 million people in India are unemployed. India ranks at 86th position with an unemployment rate of 8.5% out of 214 countries. The population in the country is much more than the job opportunities available, which leads to a large section of the society remaining unemployed. When the adults are unemployed, this leads them to poverty, debt trap, and they also cannot educate their children which ultimately results in child labour.

Debt Trap

When a family gets stuck in the vicious cycle of debt trap it contributes to child labour. As children start working at a very tender age to make their family financially sound and act as a helping hand to bring them out of the debt trap.

Unprincipled Labour

India has one of the cheapest labours available therefore it is one of the biggest markets for outsourcing. Other countries approach India to get their work done at a very minimum rate. It is similar to that of the labour class, the labour salary in India is minimal and to increase the family income, parents are forced to let their children work and support them.

Role of NGOs in Prohibiting Child Labour

  • NGOs are motivating commercial enterprises in India to not hire kids for the fulfilment of their employee requirements.
  • They are working hard to bring a full stop to this social evil.
  • They have been also encouraging locals to make sure that they report cases of child labour at businesses to the police.
  • Children who belong to communities like scheduled tribes, scheduled caste, Muslims, and OBC are more prone to child labour even after being provided with the reservation facility.
  • They have been spreading awareness about what does it mean child labour? and also they have been directly communicating with the vulnerable communities telling them about how important it is to keep children out of any form of labour.

The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act of 1986

Our legislators devised a list to discourage minors from working in hazardous occupations. All dangerous vocations were identified, and minors under the age of 14 were absolutely barred from working in such areas. The act’s title was amended in 2016 from THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT OF 1986 to THE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT OF 1986. The following provisions were added to the legislation as a result of the amendment:

  • No child shall be permitted to work in any occupation or process
  • Nothing in sub-section(1) of the act shall apply where the child:-
  • After school or during holidays, he assists his family or family enterprise that is not involved in any hazardous activities or procedures listed in the timetable.
  • Work as an artist in the audio-visual entertainment industry, including the advertisement, films, television serials, or any such other entertainment or sports activities except for the circus, subject to such conditions and safety measures, as may be prescribed. Provided that no such work under this clause shall affect the school education of the child.

Importance of Education Against Child Labour

  • Education plays a very significant role in eliminating child labour. Every year world day against child labour is celebrated on 12th June by Education International. According to Education International, early education is very important to get children out of the labour market. 
  • It doesn’t only help children to learn necessary skills, but also allows them to lead a decent life forward.
  • Education and training are mandatory drivers of social and economic growth and democracy.
  • The removal of all costs linked with education will result in a large section of society being educated. 
  • An approach with the mindset to educate children and drag them out of poverty will reduce the number of child labour cases we face now. 
  • Education is a fundamental right, over which no one has the authority to deny.
  •  It helps in changing people’s opinions towards life and makes them better human beings.

Conclusion 

For India, eradicating child labour remains a faraway ideal. However, education may be used as a weapon to combat it. Our MPs are attempting to address the issue, but it is past time for us, as Indian citizens, to assist the government in resolving the issue. Problems such as poverty and illiteracy contribute to child labour, and a joint effort by all of us will undoubtedly assist youngsters in dragging themselves out of the work world and leading a better life ahead.

REFERENCES

https://www.ilo.org/ipec/Action/Education/lang–en/index.htm

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.

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In the year 2021, we wrote about 1000 Inspirational Women In India, in the year 2022, we would be featuring 5000 Start Up Stories.

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