Adaptation under Copyright :
For computer programs – which are considered literary works – an adaptation is a version of the work that is not a reproduction. The adaptation may or may not be in the same language, code or notation the work was originally expressed in. For musical works, an adaptation is a new arrangement or transcription.
The word ‘copyright’ is derived from the expression “copier of words”. According to Black’s Law Dictionary, the word ‘copy’ means “transcript, imitation, reproduction of original writing, painting, instrument or the like”. According to Oxford English Dictionary- ‘copyright’ is ‘the exclusive right given by law for certain terms of years to an author, composer, etc. (or is assignee) to print, publish and sell copies of his original work’. Earlier the subject matter of copyright was restricted to protect the literary and artistic work. But now the scope of copyright has increased, and it covers dramatic and musical cinematograph films. Thus copyright was originally intended for the protection of authors, artists and composers and to provide a legal foundation for the numerous transactions regarding payment to the authors, artists and composers for their work. By 1988 scope of copyright was extended by the courts to cover industrial designs for simplest articles and gave a very long period of protection (life of the author plus fifty years). Copyright also includes neighbouring rights that consist of the right of performers, rights of broadcasting organisation and rights of producers of phonograms. The primary function of copyright law is to protect from exploitation by other people the fruits of someone’s work, labour, skill or taste.
Copyright is an intangible property in nature. The owner creates the subject matter of the copyrights thus it becomes his property, and he can dispose of it by sale or license it. Ideas and thoughts are not protected under copyright law as they are not considered works of copyright law. But once it is reduced to writing or another material form it becomes worthy of copyright protection. Copyright is the creation of statute. It is granted and protected under Copyright Act. It is not a single right it is a bundle of rights. Those rights are:
Right to reproduce the copyrighted work;
Right to prepare derivative work based upon the copyrighted work;
Right to distribute copies of copyrighted work to the public;
Right to perform the copyrighted work publicly;
Right to display the copyrighted work publicly.
Adaptations, in India, are governed by section 14 (a)(vi) of The Copyrights Act, 1957. The author is in complete control of the work and how it is produced or reproduced. The owners of copyrights also have the right to assign the copyright of the work, to third party individuals.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN PARTICIPATING IN THE SAME, DO LET ME KNOW.
The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.
If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at email@example.com