Like some other nations, India’s international strategy or foreign policy imagines augmenting its effective reach, improving its role across countries, and causing its essence to feel like an arising power. The year 2021 presents a lot of difficulties and opens doors in a quest for satisfying foreign policy objectives.
For example, the rise of China and its impact in India’s area is a reason for stress for India. Additionally, closing the exchanges for an EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment exposes the fantasy of Chinese segregation after the Covid-19 pandemic and further fortified China’s position.
Additionally, India’s international strategy choices like developing intermingling with the U.S. have prompted debilitating its connections with conventional companions like Russia and Iran.
In this way, in moving the overall influence in the area, India needs to handle international strategy difficulties and influence valuable open doors cautiously.
Challenges in Front of India:
A Stronger China: China is the main significant country that had a positive development rate toward the finish of 2020, and its economy is ready to become considerably quicker in 2021.
Militarily, China has additionally reinforced itself and presently tries to overwhelm the Indo-Pacific Ocean by declaring its third plane carrying a warship’s send-off in 2021.
In this unique situation, any forward leap in Sino-Indian relations will probably not happen, and the showdown among the Indian and Chinese military is relied upon to proceed.
Developing Russia-China Axis: Russia is starting to show immense interest in its periphery’s affairs. Also, the approvals forced on Russia after Crimea’s extension in 2014 have pushed Russia towards a tighter embrace of China.
This appears to flag diminished interest in nations like India.
Additionally, India’s closeness to the U.S. has debilitated its connections with conventional companions like Russia and Iran.
Changing Middle East Equations: The US-expedited rapprochement among Israel and four Arab nations – the UAE, Bahrain, Morocco, and Sudan – mirrored the changing scene in the locale.
Be that as it may, regardless of the publicity encompassing Abraham Accords, the circumstance stays liquid and has not diminished the danger of a showdown between Iran and Israel.
Given the area’s essential transition, Iran could well be enticed to utilize its atomic capacity to upgrade its position.
This presents issues for India since both have relations with it.
Purposeful Isolation of India: Currently, India stays segregated from two significant supranational assemblages of which is used to be an establishing part, viz., the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
Also, India has quit the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
This purposeful segregation doesn’t synergies with India’s yearning to turn into a worldwide power.
Debilitating Ties with Neighbors: A stressful worry for Indian international strategy is debilitating binds with the neighbors.
This should be visible from cases like China’s Check Book Diplomacy versus Sri Lanka, strain in connection with Bangladesh on the NRC issue, and ongoing boundary discussion with Nepal because of the arrival of the new map.
India as a global power:
In the light of changing realities with different countries in international relations, India must cautiously play foreign policy if it really wants to be a global rather than an aspirational player in international relations.
- ‘Indian Foreign Policy In 2021’ (Drishti IAS, 2021) <https://www.drishtiias.com/daily-updates/daily-news-editorials/indian-foreign-policy-in-2021> accessed 19 January 2022
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