Damnum Sine Injuria & Injuria Sine Damnum

The literal meaning of the maxim, Damnum Sine Injuria, is loss or damage in terms of money, property, or any physical loss that occurs without the infringement of any legal right. It is not actionable in law even if the act was intentional and done with the intent of causing harm to someone else but without infringing on the person’s legal rights.

In the case, Gloucester Grammar School Case, the defendant, a schoolmaster, purposefully opened a school in front of the plaintiff’s school, causing him damage. As a result of increased competition, the plaintiff has had to reduce the fees. It was determined that even though the plaintiff suffered harm, there was no infringement of any legal right, and thus the defendant could not be held liable.

Injuria Sine Damnum

Injuria Sine Damnum is a legal maxim that means that the plaintiff suffered no physical injury or damage as a result of injury, loss, or damage. It is a Latin term in which ‘Injuria’ means injury, ‘sine’ means without and ‘damnum’ means property and any other physical loss, the word refers to ‘injury suffered without actual loss.’

In this case, the plaintiff does not have to prove the damages he has suffered; he only has to prove that he has suffered some legal damage and that the action he has brought is actionable per se. For example, if X roams around Y’s house without reasoning, there is a violation of Y’s legal right, and thus this maxim applies.

In the case of Injuria Sine Damnum, the loss suffered is not physical, but rather due to a violation of a legal right. As a result, the damages received by the aggrieved party are the result of some kind of loss, and the amount for damages is determined solely to compensate the victim. However, where a legal right is violated due to a malicious and malicious act, the number of damages set can be raised, as in the case of Bhim Singh vs. the State of J&K.

The petitioner in the case of Bhim Singh vs. the State of J&K was a member of the J&K parliamentary assembly. While on his way to the assembly session, he was wrongfully arrested by police. He was not even brought before the magistrate within the specified time. As a result, the individual was wrongfully denied his legal right to attend the meeting, and his fundamental right, as guaranteed by Article 21 of the Constitution, was also violated. The respondent was found to be at fault, and the petitioner was granted Rs. 50,000 from the defendant as compensation.

In the case of Ashby vs. White, the plaintiff was a qualified voter in a parliamentary election, and the defendant, a returning officer in the election. The defendant wrongfully refused to accept the plaintiff’s vote. Although the plaintiff suffered no financial loss, as a result of the defendant’s wrongful act of allowing the candidate for whom he wishes to vote in the election, the plaintiff’s legal rights were violated, and thus the defendant was held liable.


The main goal of the maxim Damnum Sine Injuria is that no ground of action or cause of action exists for a person who acts within reasonable limits even if the other person suffers losses as a result, whereas the main goal of the maxim Injuria Sine Damnum is that if a person’s legal right is violated, a cause of action arises and the person whose legal right has been infringed suffers losses. In these cases, a qualified right, as opposed to absolute rights, has been violated.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

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We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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