Should attempt to Suicide be decriminalized – Part – 4

In Favour :- 

The individual, who endeavours self destruction, feels crushed in life as of now. On the off chance that she/he kicks the bucket, there is no doubt of capture. However, whenever fizzled, her/his life may turn out to be more hopeless as a result of discipline. Along these lines, there are contentions that part 309 in IPC should be cancelled. 

Endeavour to self destruction is a diagnosable mental problem. World Health Organization has called attention to that condemning self destruction deters individuals from connecting for clinical assistance and treatment. 

On the off chance that endeavour to self destruction is a wrongdoing, it’ll cause a deferral in offering treatment to the patients, who comes up short in self destruction endeavour as they need to record medico legitimate case. This will make the casualties more damaged. At times this may prompt loss of important lives. 

Madya Pradesh communicated its anxiety that if self destruction is decriminalized, section 306 may lose its significance. (Section 306 – If any individual carries out self destruction, whoever empowers the commission of such self destruction, will be rebuffed with detainment of one or the other portrayal for a term which may stretch out to ten years, and will likewise be obligated to fine.) But regardless of whether endeavour to self destruction isn’t a wrongdoing, the individuals who abets self destruction will confront discipline. In Gian Kaur case (1996), high court expressed that, “Section 306 instituted a particular offense which is equipped for presence free of Section 309”.     

Bihar communicated its dread that self destruction aircraft may exploit it to kill all the confirmations of the crook. What’s more, it additionally said that hoodlums may end their own lives, when they got by police. Yet, these are minor concerns on the grounds that there are a few enemies of illegal intimidation laws, which manage these sorts of issues. 

There are likewise contentions that decriminalizing self destruction will naturally legitimize Euthanasia. In any case, leniency murdering is a totally different idea and these two ought not to be consolidated. In self destruction, no outsider is included. In any case, in killing the outsider is pivotal. Obviously leniency slaughtering should be sanctioned, yet self destruction and benevolence executing are unique.  

In Against:- 

Condemning self destruction can go about as an obstruction. What’s more, on the off chance that it is decriminalized, the no. of suicides may increment. 

There are contentions that self destruction is a person’s decision, subsequently it should be regarded. Yet, the truth of the matter is self destruction makes a great deal of misery the casualty’s relatives. So it can’t be named as their very own issue. 

In the event that self destruction is decriminalized, odds of exploiting it will be high, especially by mother-parents in law, little girl parents in law or even by youngsters on account of older guardians. 

It’ll be exploited by the individuals, who fight by quick unto-demise. 

Those, who endeavour self destruction due to mental issues and those, who are experiencing issues in life are stirred up under one law. 


Endeavour to self destruction is deserving of a one-year prison term under ‘Section 309’ of Indian Penal Code. 

India has the most elevated self destruction rate on the planet after China. 

After French upheaval (1789), numerous European nations decriminalized endeavour to self destruction. 

Endeavour to self destruction isn’t a wrongdoing in Britain, Sri Lanka, Russia and in certain conditions of USA as well. 

It’s a wrongdoing in Singapore, Malaysia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and some different nations. 

In 1971, Law commission of India prescribed to cancel sec 309. Also, the revision bill was passed by Rajya Sabha in 1978. Be that as it may, the bill was passed as Lok Sabha was broken up in 1979. 

In P.Rathinam case (1994), Supreme court expressed that the privilege to life under Article 21 of the Constitution incorporated the “right not to carry on with a constrained life”. 

In Gian Kaur case (1996), Five adjudicator seat overruled the past judgment, maintaining the legitimacy of Section 309. 

After the profession of the judgment in Gian Kaur, in 1997, Law commission of India suggested maintenance of section 309. 

Again in 2008, Law commission of India prescribed to nullify the law. 

Perspectives on all states and association regions were looked for on the proposals of the Law Commission, since lawfulness is a state subject. The Law commission’s suggestion is upheld by 18 states and 4 Union domains. 

Some fascinating realities:- 

It is accepted that, there are laws against self destruction in numerous nations primarily on the grounds that Christianity contradicts self destruction. 

Manusmriti, a Hindu Scripture makes reference to that self destruction is incidentally passable. 

In antiquated Athens, an individual who had ended it all (without the endorsement of the state) was kept the distinctions from getting a typical internment. The individual would be covered alone on the edges of the city, without a tombstone or marker. 

A criminal statute gave by Louis XIV in the year 1670 was unquestionably more serious in its discipline. The dead individual’s body was drawn through the roads, face down, and afterward hung or tossed on a trash pile. Also, the entirety of the individual’s property used to be seized.


To cite Phil Donahue, “Self destruction is a lasting answer for an impermanent issue”. Each individual cravings to lead an issue free life however life is a secret cycle shock with what we wouldn’t dare hoping anymore. At the point when an individual is presented to a misfortune, he neglects to break down the environmental factors and circumstance due to which he can’t perceive approaches to handle the issue driving him to depend on ending it all. Self destruction is never an answer; regardless of whether it is one, it is neither wanted nor energized. The World Health Organization perceives self destruction as a general wellbeing need and it conceded to work for the decrease of self destruction rate worldwide. Taking everything into account, self destruction is presently seen as one which requires treatment more than discipline, which itself is an extraordinary beginning. With the course set by law, it is the obligation of each person to act in manners which don’t influence their lives and the tranquillity of the general public. 

Psychological wellness in India is a major no-no, individuals are apprehensive and frequently dither to discuss it, usage of the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017 is viewed as a major advance according to different mental medical care specialists which can help in breaking the untouchable yet it’s far ahead from here on. There is no discipline for an endeavour to end it all, yet the case actually should be accounted for. 

Endeavour to self destruction should be decriminalized as it’s not in the slightest degree option to rebuff the individual, who is now discouraged throughout everyday life. Rather than discipline, restoration focuses should be set up and advising or treatment for mental illnesses should be given. What’s more, separate laws should be there to stay away from the odds of maltreatment of section 309’s cancellation.


  1. Decriminalization of Attempt to Commit Suicide: A Guide of 15 Decades – iPleaders 
  2. Decriminalized Crime in India: Suicide – iPleaders 
  3. Should attempt to suicide be decriminalized? ~ Group Discussion Ideas    

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