PROHIBITION  OF DOMINANCE UNDER COMPETITION ACT

Abuse of a prevailing position happens when a predominant firm in a market, or a predominant gathering of firms, takes part indirectly that is planned to wipe out or discipline a contender or to dissuade future passage by new contenders, with the outcome that opposition is forestalled or diminished significantly. An undertaking in a predominant position plays out any of the accompanying demonstrations: straightforwardly or by implication, forces unjustifiable or prejudicial practices, restricts or confines the development of products, or arrangement of any administrations in any structure.

After the sanctioning of the Competition Act, 2002, (“Act”) it has been revised twice, the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007, and the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2009.

Two of the principle highlights of the Competition Act, 2002 is the system it accommodates the foundation of the Competition Commission, and the devices it gives to forestall against cutthroat practices and to advance positive contests in the Indian Market.

The fundamental targets of the Competition Act, 2002 are:

to give the system to the foundation of the Competition Commission.

to forestall imposing business models and to advance contest on the lookout.

to ensure the opportunity of exchange for the partaking people and substances the market.

to ensure the interest of the consumer.[1]

The Act characterizes prevailing position (predominance) as far as a place of solidarity appreciated by an undertaking, in the pertinent market in India, which empowers it to:

a work autonomously of the cutthroat powers winning in the applicable market; or

influence its rivals or shoppers or the pertinent market in support of its.

It implies that the reality or condition of being prevailing, for example, humanism, controlling, winning, or incredible position particularly in a social chain of importance male strength political predominance organizations seeking strength in the market strength over their adversaries.

Strength has been generally characterized as far as a piece of the pie of the undertaking or gathering of ventures concerned. Nonetheless, various different elements assume a part in deciding the impact of an endeavor or a gathering of undertakings on the lookout. These include:

a portion of the overall industry,

the size and assets of the venture;

size and significance of contenders;

the financial force of the endeavor;

vertical incorporation;

reliance of customers on the endeavor;

the degree of section and leave boundaries on the lookout; balancing purchasing power;

market design and size of the market. The Commission is additionally approved to consider whatever other element which it might consider applying for the assurance of strength.

Section 4 of the (Indian) Competition Act 2002 (the Act) restricts undertakings standing firm on a prevailing footing in an important market from manhandling such a position. It keeps any endeavor or gathering from manhandling its predominant position. The Act likewise gives conditions under which there is the maltreatment of the predominant position. Segment 4(2) of the Act forestalls the accompanying demonstrations bringing about maltreatment of predominant position: Force uncalled for or unfair conditions or costs in the deal and acquisition of labor and products; Restrict or confine; Creation of labor and products Specialized or logical advancement identifying with labor and products to the bias of buyers.

In Dhanraj Pillay and Ors v Hockey India, the CCI held that the Act was not disregarded where supposedly oppressive legally binding limitations were not unbalanced to a sporting organization’s genuine administrative objectives.

Faridabad Industries Association (FIA) v M/s Adani Gas Limited (AGL)  (2014) (Adani Gas case), the CCI held by the court that a limitation was forced by a prevailing endeavor which may not be oppressive in case it is dependent upon a similar limitation by an outsider[2]


[1] https://cleartax.in/s/competition-act-2002

[2] https://www.legalserviceindia.com/legal/article-3928-abuse-of-dominance-under-competition-act.html

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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