Who is a Hindu

India is a country with a plethora of personal laws, with each community having its own set of rules. The Hindu group, which is the majority, has its own family law, as do Muslims, Christians, Jains, and Sikhs. Since the dawn of time, Hindus and Muslims have claimed that their rules are divinely inspired. Other communities, on the other hand, make no such claim.

By judicial interpretation and legislative amendment, current Hindu law has changed dramatically, to the point that any claim of deity is unlikely to succeed. In some circumstances, the tradition is allowed to continue.

So the first thing that comes to mind is, “Who is a Hindu?” Whether it includes someone who professes to be a Hindu or someone who lives in India?

To address this question, consideration must be given to a variety of elements; also, a detailed examination of the phrase reveals that the connotation of the term “Hindu” has evolved dramatically from ancient times to the modern period.

Around the sixth century BCE, the term Hindu was coined in Persia. Persians coined the word Hindu to describe people living beyond the Indus River. Because adherents of the Vedas populated India at the time, the phrase referred to a certain group of people who lived in India and followed the Vedas and Hinduism.

With the passage of time, several new religions began to arise on the Indian subcontinent, resulting in the existence of people of various religions and ethnicities in India. There are at least nine recognised religions in India today, making defining who is Hindu challenging. One of the reasons for this problem is that Hinduism is such a complex and rich religion that defining the term Hindu in terms of Hinduism is nearly impossible.

So, in order to address this issue, our legislature has devised a set of equations that classify and categorise Hindus. This legislative strategy can be seen in a variety of statutes. As a result, the term “Hindu” was defined broadly in the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955. Its scope covers the following:

  • Those who follow the religions of Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, and Buddhists. Converts and reconverts to Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, or Buddhism are covered in this category.
  • Those whose parents were Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, or Buddhists. The child must be reared as a Hindu if just one parent is Hindu. This category includes both legitimate and illegitimate children.
  • Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, and Buddhists are those whose parents were Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, or Buddhists. If just one parent is Hindu, the child must be raised as a Hindu. Both legal and illegitimate children fall into this category.

Following this definition, it becomes clear that the legislature has established a fairly broad term that technically include people of other religions as well. It should also be mentioned that if a person is Hindu by birth or conversion, this suffices, even if he is an atheist, non-religious, non-conformist, anti-religious, or even decries his faith in genuine argument. He remains a member of that religion as long as he does not abandon his beliefs and accept a new religion.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

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The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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