Indian Contribution to United Nations Peacekeeping

India was among the select members of the United Nations that signed the Declaration by United Nations at Washington on 1 January 1942 and participated in the historic UN Conference of International Organization at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. since then India has always complied with united nation’s policies and stood in forefronts to battle global issues of the contemporary world.

India has a long and distinguished history of service in UN peacekeeping, having contributed more personnel than any other country. Since 1948, about 244,500 Indians have served in 49 of the 71 UN peacekeeping missions that have been formed around the world. India has a long tradition of sending women on UN peacekeeping missions. In 2007, India became the first country to deploy an all-women contingent for Formed Police Unit to the UN peacekeeping mission in Liberia. Hailed as role models, they helped to build the capacity of the Liberian police which led to increase in the number of local women working in the Liberia’s security sector. The members of Indian Women FPU also distinguished themselves through humanitarian service, including organizing medical camps. Indian peacekeepers provide an array of programs to the communities in which they serve on behalf of the Organization, including medical care. They also provide specialised services including veterinary aid and engineering services. Indian veterinarians serving with the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), stepped up to help cattle herders who were losing much of their stock to malnutrition and disease in the war-torn nation. The Indian contingent in South Sudan has gone the extra mile by providing vocational training and life-saving medical assistance, as well as carrying out significant road repair work. The Indian contingent in the Upper Nile region (which includes the Indian Battalion, Horizontal Mechanical Engineering Company, Level II hospital, Petroleum Platoon, and Force Signal Unit) has all been awarded UN medals of distinction for their dedication and service in peacekeeping. India has also provided 15 Force Commanders to various missions, and was the first country to contribute to the Trust Fund on sexual exploitation and abuse, which was set up in 2016. India’s longstanding service has not come without cost. 170 Indian peacekeepers have paid the ultimate price while serving with the United Nations. India has lost more peacekeepers than any other Member State.

In May 2021, the Indian army assisted in the evacuation of residents and UN employees from Goma, the capital of North Kivu, after a volcano erupted in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The brigade of the Indian Army that is involved in peacekeeping operations in the African country is based in Goma, and it is the largest deployment of Indian troops on foreign land.

It is evident that India, since the inception united nations has never failed to lend a helping hand and moreover has always stood in the vanguard of united nation’s peace keeping operations.

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