Non Resident Indian

An NRI is an Indian citizen who has gone out of India or who has stayed outside India for any reason other than employment, or who has gone out of India or who has stayed outside India for carrying on business or vocation outside India, or who has gone out of India or who has stayed outside India for any other reason indicating his intention to stay out. In simple words, it can be said that Any Indian who lives outside the country, that is, in a foreign country, is referred to as a non-resident Indian. They are Indian citizens, yet they do not reside in India. NRIs have basic rights in India, and the Indian government protects them wherever they travel.

Person of Indian origin

Any person from another country (except Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Iran, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and Nepal) who held an Indian passport at any time, or whose parents or grandparents were born in India, or who is the spouse of an Indian citizen or a PIO, is considered to be of Indian origin.

A citizen of a foreign country (other than a citizen of Bangladesh or Pakistan) is a PIO if he or she has ever held an Indian passport; OR he or she or either of his or her parents or grandparents was a citizen of India; OR he or she is the spouse (not a citizen of Bangladesh or Pakistan) of an Indian citizen; OR he or she has ever held an Indian passport; OR he or she is a spouse (not a citizen of Bangladesh or Pakistan) of an

moreover, Pio cardholders enjoy a number of advantages, including not needing a VISA to visit India for a period of 15 years from the date of issuing of their card. They are exempt from FRRO or FRO registration if their stay in India does not exceed 180 days. They have the same financial and educational perks as NRIs, including the ability for their children to study at Indian colleges under general quotas. 

Both NRI and PIO seems to be relatively similar concepts but still have a number of differences between, these differences are discussed in the table below.

Non Resident Indian (NRI)Person of Indian Origin (PIO)
Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are people from India’s diaspora who were born or raised in India but now live outside the country.Persons of Indian ancestry are sometimes known as Overseas Indians.
They must hold an Indian passport, be Indian citizens’ children or grandchildren, or be the spouse of an Indian citizen.
To be considered a resident of India, one must spend at least 182 days in the country throughout the fiscal year.PIO cardholders do not need a VISA if they wish to visit India. This facility is valid for upto 15 years from the issuance of a PIO Card.
They have to be born in IndiaThey do not have to be born in India, but either of the parents can be born there.
He or she may have spent 60 days or more in India during the year and 365 days or more in the four years before the relevant financial year.They can stay in India for up to 180 days without having to register with the FRRO (Foreigner Regional Registration Office).
NRIs do not need permission to enter India’s restricted areas.To enter any prohibited regions in the country, PIO card holders must obtain approval from the Foreigner Regional Registration Office.
In India, NRIs have the right to vote.PIO card holders do not enjoy any kind of voting rights in India.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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