Rights of citizens vs Rights of residents in India

For citizens and residents, these two terms have been commonly used for a longer period of time now. But it has been commonly confused between these two terms by our general public. So let’s first understand the basic differences between these two terms:

Citizenship alludes to an individual’s faithfulness to an administration in return for its assurance at home and abroad. Full political freedoms, including the option to cast a ballot and to serve in a position of authority, and common freedoms are normally allowed to a locally conceived citizen. Today, ‘citizen’ will, in general, indicate an individual who legitimately has a place with a nation, and ‘inhabitant’ is utilized, by and large, for a lawfully residing or working in an individual in a specific region.[1]

In the official courtroom, the term occupant regularly appears differently in relation to resident: it names an individual who has a home in a specific spot yet doesn’t really have the situation with a resident. Take, for instance, an ordinary event in migration law: an individual who has citizenship outside of the United States and who wants to work or live in the nation applies for a green card, a recognizable proof card that authenticates their lawful home in the nation as an outsider—that is, an individual who was brought into the world in an alternate nation and isn’t a resident of the country where the person currently dwells.

The rights of citizens in our country include various rights including fundamental rights guaranteed by the constitution of our country which is as follows:

Right to equality        Right against exploitation         Cultural and educational rights

Right to freedom       Right to freedom of religion       Right to constitutional remedies

Earlier citizenship was given by birth, descent, naturalization which is all given in Article 6-11.

Now the latest citizenship amendment act in 2019, altered law accommodates giving of Indian citizenship to Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, and Christians from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan who came to India at the very latest December 31, 2014.

The law won’t be stretched out to Rohingya Muslims abused in Myanmar; Shia and Ahmadiyya Muslims in Pakistan; Hazaras, Tajiks and Uzbeks in Afghanistan; Tamils in Sri Lanka; and agnostics in Bangladesh.

Before 2019, the alterations in the Citizenship Act, 1955 never unequivocally confined award to citizenship to specific strict networks. The past legislatures had an all-encompassing methodology – possibly they never given to citizenship to unlawful transients or gave citizenship to illicit travelers having a place with all the communities. Legal specialists say that the new citizenship law abuses the major right under Article 14 of the Indian constitution that ensures equivalent insurance of laws, even to the outsiders, in the domain of India.

Now rights of residents include paying the tax to the government which is the first and foremost right of residents of a country.  Other rights include paying water tax, electricity bills, abiding by the rules and regulations that govern the country.

So in the end I would like to say that Citizens are the people that are residing in the country by birth while a Permanent occupant is a lawful individual to live in the country for a predetermined time frame by some exceptional authorization.


[1] https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/what-is-the-difference-between-a-citizen-and-a-resident

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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