UNSC Veto Power

During the San Francisco Conference (1945). Several small and medium-sized States criticized the privileged status of the five permanent members as a sort of victors’ justice and an intolerable infringement on States’ sovereign equality. Nevertheless, the P-5 made it abundantly clear that their participation was contingent on their total and unconditional acceptance of permanent membership and veto power. Indeed, the great powers were convinced that they needed to maintain a dominant position in order for the new entity to function. Furthermore, the veto was required to prevent the Council from jeopardizing permanent member relations by making a decision against one of the member’s wishes.

It has been observed in various instances how other member nations of security council have been oppressed by the five permanent members i.e United states, Russian federation, Republic of china, Britain and, France. The five permanent have members use their special status as the permanent members which grants them the undisputed and unrebukable power of using the Veto. The veto power allows the permanent five to stack any resolution or policy on the table. originally this power was granted to the permanent five for being used in wise manners but instead it has been violated on many occasions, solely based on self interest. Russia has used the veto the most frequently since 1992, followed by the United States and China. Since 1989, France and the United Kingdom have not exercised their veto. As of July 2020, Russia/USSR had used its veto 117 times, the US had used it 82 times, the UK had used it 29 times, France had used it 16 times, and China had used it 17 times. It cannot be ignored that the veto power has been used for the good of humanity and in accordance with the principals of the charter and to maintain peace and stability but the violative use overshadows the good.

Furthermore, A majority of States view the veto to be fundamentally unjust, and it is thought to be the principal reason why the Council failed to respond appropriately to humanitarian crises such as those in Rwanda (1994) and Darfur (2001). (2004). As a result, it’s not surprise that most countries want to get rid of or limit the veto. The fact that the P-5, whose votes and ratifications are essential for even the slightest revision to the UN Charter, rejects any veto limitation outright is also unsurprising. As a result, several States have abandoned radical reform ideas in favour of a pragmatic approach, appealing for voluntary veto restraint in particular.

In terms of the P-5’s present veto power, it is evident that the majority of UN Member States favor its removal. The African Union, the Arab League, the Group of Non-Aligned Nations, as well as a number of western countries, are all pushing for such reform.   Apart from the P5, few countries expressly endorse the existing veto authority (Poland, Australia, and Singapore). Nonetheless, because the P-5’s unanimous votes and ratifications are required to change the United Nations Charter, most countries have dropped their removal plans in favour of more modest ones eg One frequently recurring proposal consists in waiving the veto power in all proceedings

reference: http://aei.pitt.edu/8980/1/ep9.pdf

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

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