Features of Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution has some distinguishing characteristics that set it apart from other constitutions. Our Constitution’s framers studied other constitutions, selected their best aspects, and incorporated them into ours with minor changes. The framers of the Indian Constitution did not set out to create an entirely new or unique document. They simply desired “a good and workable” Constitution. And they were successful in doing so. The fact that the Constitution has functioned satisfactorily for the past 59 years is a testament to its quality and utility. The Indian Constitution has some distinguishing characteristics that set it apart from other constitutions.

Lengthiest and Written Form of constitution: In the world, there are two types of constitutions. The majority of the constitutions have been written. The American Constitution was the first modern written constitution. The British Constitution, on the other hand, is unwritten. It is made up of customs and norms that have developed over time. We have a written Constitution in India. Our Constitution’s framers attempted to put everything in black and white. Because of its contents, the Indian Constitution is known as the world’s largest written constitution. It originally contained 395 articles and eight schedules, with successive changes adding to the number of articles and schedules. There are currently 395 articles and 12 schedules in it.

Preamble: The Preamble describes the source, nature, ideology, goals and objectives of the Constitution. The Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic. The words, ‘Socialist’ and ‘secular’ were added in the Preamble of the Constitution by 42nd amendment which was passed in 1976. It furthermore underlines the national objective of social justice economic justice and political justice as well as fraternity. It emphasises the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation. 

Federal Character: The federal government is established by the Constitution. There are two governments in a federation: one at the federal level and one at the state level. The Indian government is divided into two parts: the central government and the state governments. article 1 of the constitution gives India the federal character by stating it as a union of states furthermore it has government at both center and state level with power distribution system along with an independent judiciary interprets the constitution and resolves conflicts between the center and the provinces. The federal character has been further observed in many case laws such as RMDC, 1957. 

Parliamentary form: In this system, the executive is accountable to the legislature and is only in power as long as the legislature has faith in it. The nominal, titular, or constitutional head of India is the president, who serves for five years. The Union Council of Ministers, which is led by the Prime Minister, is made up of members of the legislature. It is collectively answerable to the Lok Sabha, and it must resign if it loses that chamber’s confidence. The nominal executive, the President, will execute his powers in accordance with the advice of the real executive, the Union Council of Ministers. The government in the states is likewise Parliamentary in nature.

Three tier government: originally the Indian government was designed in a two tier government system with center an state as being the two levels but late in 73rd and 74th amendment this feature was modified and and a 3rd tier of government was introduced in the form of panchahyati raj.

Directive Principles of state policy: The Directive Principles of State Policy are enumerated in Part IV of the Constitution. The framers of our Constitution took the idea of having such principles from the Irish Constitution. the objective of Directive Principles of state policy is to create a welfare state basically the Directive Principles of State Policy are some important guidelines given to the government so that it can work accordingly and refer to them while formulating the laws and policies, and to build a just society.

Fundamental Rights: Fundamental rights are the fundamental human rights of all Indian citizens. They must be observed by everyone, regardless of religion, birthplace, race, creed, gender, or caste. fundamental rights promised to each and every citizen of India are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom , Right Against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, Right to Constitutional Remedies.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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