In Part 1 of the article, we explored the rising problem of custodial violence in India, and it’s causes. In Part 2, we shall be exploring the various solutions that can be implemented to tackle the problem.


          In India there are several constitutional and statutory provisions which have been enacted to curb custodial violence. Sections 330, 331 & 348 of IPC; Sections 25 & 26 of the Indian Evidence Act; Section 76 of CrPC and Section 29 of the Police Act, 1861 were enacted to curb the tendency of policemen to resort to torture to extract confessions.[1] Despite these provisions, there has not been a substantial decrease in the number of cases of custodial violence.

In this section, the researcher has provided certain solutions which she feels will be helpful in mitigating the problem of custodial violence.


          There should be regular feedbacks which are obtained from the prisoner by an unbiased party so as to ensure an objective opinion. This unbiased party should preferably be a higher official so that he/she cannot be manipulated by the police. An environment of frankness should be created. It should be a safe space for all to vent out if they face any problems relating to violence in custody.


          Regular surprise checks should be conducted by the concerned authorities so as to ensure that their subordinates to not indulge in such acts.


          In order to ensure that such behaviour is not emulated by others, there is a need to punish the wrongdoer. The punishment should be harsh so that others are discouraged from doing the same. Hefty fines and suspension can be some of the tactics which can be employed.


          There should be a proper system of surveillance. Closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) should be installed and they should be checked regularly. Prisoners should be frisked and checked for any thing that they can use to self harm. All activities should be monitored.


          Many a times prisoners might not speak out because of the fear of being punished by the police. In this case, counselling sessions can be organized by trained professionals who can analyse their behaviour, ask probing questions and come to conclusions. Counselling sessions should also be held for the police which because of work related stress which can manifest it in the form of violence.

As was explored earlier, the problem of custodial violence is multifaceted and stems from various sociological and political causes. It has to be looked at from the grassroots level. It is imperative to sensitise people about this rising issue, since this violates Human Rights and goes against the principles of natural justice.

[1] Manmeet Singh, “Custodial Violence in India”(Legal Services <> accessed 8 October 2019.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.