Negotiation: Procedure, Stages and Outcomes

Individuals negotiate constantly. Companions negotiate to choose where to eat. Kids negotiate to choose which TV program to watch. Organizations negotiate to buy materials and sell their items. Legal counsellors negotiate to settle lawful cases previously they go to court. The police negotiate with psychological militants to free prisoners. Countries negotiate to open their outskirts to unhindered commerce. Negotiation isn’t a procedure saved uniquely for the gifted ambassador, top sales rep, or vigorous backer for a sorted-out anteroom; it is something that everybody does, practically day by day. Even though the stakes are not normally as sensational as harmony accords or huge corporate mergers, everybody arranges; at times individuals negotiate for significant things like a new position, different occasions for generally minor things like who will take out the trash.

Hence, we cannot deny the importance of negotiations in our day to day life. Negotiation is a very important skill which has importance in our day to day life. The procedure through which at least two parties who are in conflict over results attempt to an agreement. It is the valuable, positive option in contrast to wheeling and dealing or contending; it is planned for building an understanding instead of winning a fight. Negotiation is a procedure by which people settle differences. It is a methodology by which deal or comprehension is come to by getting away from arguments and disputes. Be that as it may, the standards of reasonableness, looking for a shared advantage and keeping up a relationship are the keys to a fruitful result.


The negotiation process contains four-stage. The four stages of negotiation are preparation, opening phase, bargaining phase and closure phase.

  1. Preparation

Preparation is instrumental to the accomplishment of the negotiation procedure. Being decidedly ready produces certainty and gives an edge to the moderator. Readiness includes the accompanying exercises:

  • Gathering Information: One needs to learn as much as one can about the issue and find out what data is required from the opposite side. Seeing the issues included is additionally required.
  • Leverage Evaluation: Evaluation of one’s influence and the other party’s influence at the start is significant because there might be various things one can do to improve one’s use or decrease the influence of the opposite side.
  • Understand the individuals in question: It is imperative to know the individuals with whom the negotiation is to occur. A comprehension of their targets, jobs and the issues prone to be raised by them will encourage better treatment of the circumstance during the negotiation procedure.
  • Rapport: It is useful to build up compatibility with the rival during the beginning periods, that is before the bartering procedure starts is useful. This was, one can decide right off the bat how agreeable the rival will be.
  • Know your destinations: Clarity of goals is significant. It should be chosen ahead of time the amount you are eager to yield to the rival and what your needs are. All contentions and defences ought to be prepared.
  • Type of negotiation: Anticipate the kind of negotiation expected, that is, learn whether it will be exceptionally aggressive, agreeable or something irregular; regardless of whether the negotiation will be eye to eye, by fax, through a middle person, or in some other way.
  • Plan: Decide on the negotiation approach and plans.
  • Opening Phase

Here the different sides meet. Each gathering attempts to establish a connection on the opposite side and impact their deduction at the primary chance. Mentally, this stage is significant because it establishes the pace for the negotiation to a huge degree. It includes both arranging parties introducing their case to one another.

  • Bargaining Phase

The bargaining stage includes coming nearer to the target you planned to accomplish when you began the negotiation. In this stage, the essential system is to persuade the opposite side of the propriety of your requests and afterwards convincing the other party to yield to those requests. For this, one should be sensible in one’s methodology and casing unmistakably considered and arranged contentions.

  • Closure Phase

The bargaining stage includes coming nearer to the target you planned to accomplish when you began the negotiation. In this stage, the essential system is to persuade the opposite side of the propriety of your requests and afterwards convincing the other party to yield to those requests. For this, one should be sensible in one’s methodology and casing unmistakably considered and arranged contentions.

Stages of Negotiation

  1. Pre-negotiation

All that we do, on the off chance that we are to play out the action appropriately, requires a specific level of preparation. Almost certainly, there are numerous events we have scolded ourselves when things didn’t turn out just as we suspected they would. Preparation is the way into any effective movement or attempt. The main thing to decide is whether there is, in reality, any motivation to negotiate whatsoever. Also, it’s fundamental to be sure about the points of interest. We need to get “our ducks in a row” before we even reach the opposite side. At that point, we have to set up some type of negotiation plan before starting our discussions. We ought to recognize the right individuals who will be engaged with the discussions

  • Conceptualization

This stage is the place we build up the establishment of the agreement by confining the issues, without getting hindered in the little details. We have to assemble the structure squares to comprehend the fundamental idea of the agreement we are looking for. It resembles different sides meeting up to consider the plan structure, or structure of the negotiation. We are endeavoring to figure standards whereupon we can both agree

  • Settling the Details

This stage sees the completion of the agreement. Here, we utilize our outer masters to finish the subtleties of the endeavor on which we are going to commonly leave. This stage talks about the issues of executing the partnership practically so it is both reasonable and serviceable. We likewise work out the subtleties as they identify with the generation, planning, taking care of postponements, task duty, and authority.

  • Follow-up

Because we’ve made all necessary endorsements doesn’t imply that it closes there. We can’t hurl the agreement into our records and forget about it. It only occasionally finishes there as issues consistently emerge. Any part of any agreement may be re-arranged, or the subtleties adjusted to counter a wide assortment of evolving conditions. Costly and dis enthralled fights in court can be evaded basically by keeping the lines of correspondence open with our  partners. We ought to be experienced enough at this point to comprehend that things may not be as straightforward as they initially appear.

Outcomes of Negotiations

Negotiation outcomes are the kinds of results that can occur toward the finish of a negotiation. All dealings end up with one out of four potential results: one gathering wins and the different loses, the two parties lose, they stall out in an impasse, or both wind up winning. The objective in a helpful negotiation is for the two parties to leave with their needs being fulfilled. Acclimate yourself with the four distinctive arranging results and make it your objective to focus on a commonly advantageous result.

  1. Lose-Lose

In this kind of outcome, a sense of self’s become an integral factor which foils the negotiating procedure. The two sides delve into their positions and are reluctant to bargain with one another. At last, the two parties wind up losing in the negotiation. Hatred exists between the two parties because of the result and it is impossible that they will ever negotiating with one another again.

  • Win-Lose

In this type of outcome, one side successes and the opposite side loses. There is no trade-off with a success lose result. It’s a one-side takes all fight with one side getting every one of their needs fulfilled and the opposite side getting nothing. While the side that successes might be upbeat about the result; the losing side has an elevated level of disdain over the negotiation since they didn’t have any of their needs met. This normally brings about a conclusion to any future negotiations and an end of the relationship.

  • Stalemate

In this kind of outcome, neither one of the sides wins or loses and after a long negotiation session, the two sides are at precisely the same spot that they began at. This is a consequence of not having the option to manage interests and positions. Impasses happen when the two sides forcefully safeguard their positions and neither one of the sides can make the opposite side move.

  • Win-Win

This is the outcome type that you endeavor to accomplish when you Street Negotiate. In this kind of result, the two sides leave with their interests and necessities being met. The two sides leave the negotiation table fulfilled because they left the negotiation with more than they had begun with. Relationships are safeguarded because the two parties helped out one another in deciding a reasonable answer for the issue. This outcome likewise supports trust for future negotiations between the two parties since they have set up a positive relationship.

Aishwarya Says:

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