Mischief in IPC was written with the goal of providing protection against property destruction that results in unjust loss or damage to the public or an individual.

It’s an outgrowth of the legal maxim “sic utretuoleadas”, which means “use your own property, but not in a way that harms your neighbor’s or other’s.”


  • “A” sets fire to X’s house on purpose, causing him to suffer a wrongful loss or injury.
  • “A” a doctor gave “B’s” cattle the wrong medicine with the goal of causing unjust death or harm.
  • “C” diverts the canal’s flow in order to prevent “B” from irrigating his farm, leading him to lose money due to crop damage.

Section 425 of the IPC defines mischief as any act that causes property damage or destruction, resulting in wrongful loss or harm. This section has a broad application, and it applies to both public and private damages.

However, the most significant issue is that it will not apply in circumstances where there is no element of intention, which is discussed further in this article under the heading Ingredients of Mischief. It’s also not necessary that the person accused had a good reason for the “mischief” or that he or she benefited from it.


In order to demonstrate Mischief under the definition set forth in section 425 of the IPC, there are three crucial aspects to consider:

  • The act’s intention or knowledge (Mens rea)

The definition of the law of mischief makes it plain that the only method to prove an act of mischief is to show that the accused had any conscious intention to inflict unjustifiable property damage. However, the fact that the individual was aware that his or her actions could cause property damage or deterioration, resulting in unjust loss or damage, can also serve as adequate proof.

The court stated in Nagendranath Roy v. Dr. Bijoy Kumar Dasburma that mere negligence does not constitute mischief. However, in some cases, when the evidence show that the purpose to inflict unlawful loss was there, as well as the negligence producing damage, it will be considered mischief.

  • The act that causes the property or situation to be destroyed, damaged, or changed; and (Actus rea)

There must be some wrongful loss or damage to the property owner, preventing him from enjoying it. The act has to have caused some kind of harm, injury, or destruction to the property, lowering its value or usability. This will serve as the offense’s “actus reus.”

In the case of Arjuna vs. State (AIR 1969 ), the court held the accused guilty of causing undue loss to the government by decreasing the value of the complainant’s standing crops planted on government land.

  • The alteration must result in a loss of value or utility.


As civilization progresses, new situations and problems arise.

 Similarly, the crime of mischief appears to be quite broad and wide, encompassing all fifteen provisions of the IPC. It attempts to cover all possible forms of mischief by prescribing various punishments based on the severity of the offence.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.