LAND BORDER LAW OF CHINA

Introduction

As we all are aware by the fact that the border of china is connected with many countries like Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, russia including india also. But recently, china brought a new law about its border that is called border law of china.

China adopts new border law amid military standoff with india which come into force from 1 january, 2022. So now in this article I will discuss about this new border law, how it comes and what will be its impact on india. As we all know that now-a-days the dispute of china is majorly with india, Bhutan and sometimes with Nepal also. China tried to resolve disputes with other countries by taking different measures .

What has happened?

China on Saturday i.e; 23 october, 2021 passed a new law to strengthen and govern its land borders amid the ongoing military tention along the disputed boundary with india. The legislation formalises combining the military defence of china‘s land borders with improving social and economic development in border areas. It further strengthens the people’s liberation army’s (PLA) policy to work closely with civilians staying in border areas-

For example, Tibetan villagers living along the border with india, Bhutan and Nepal – to work as the first line of defence. Long distance border disputes should be resolved through negotiations, the new add, according to Chinese official media.

Significance

India and china have been locked in a border row for 17 months, a phase that witnessed the deadly skirmish in the galwan valley in eastern ladakh on 15 june 2020. When troops from both sides fought for hours with iron rods, clubs covered with barbed wire and rocks. Twenty Indian soldiers were killed in the clash, the first fatalities on the line of actual control since 1975; and four Chinese soldiers were killed and one was injured as well.

China’s parliament, the national people’s congress (NPC) on Saturday voted to adopt he “new law 0n the protection and exploitation of the country’s land border areas, which will come into force on 1 january, 21, The news agency Xinhua reported. With this voting and all china want to take the belief of civilians and want to create disturbance legally on the borders.

Safe guard territory at any cost

The state “shall take measures to safeguard territorial integrity and land boundaries and guard against and combat any act that undermines territorial sovereignty and land boundaries”, it says. The law stipulates that the state shall take measures to “ strengthen border defence, support economic and social development as well as opening up in border areas, improve public services and infrastructure in such areas, encourage and support people’s life and work there, and promote coordination between border defence and social, economic development in border areas”.

Resolving border disputes

On the issue of resolving border disputes, the law says: “ the state shall following the principle of equality, mutual trust and friendly consultation, handle land border disputes by negotiations. Gao jinlu, from the foreign affairs committee of  the NPC was quoted as saying, that the land border law establishes a standardised legal framework for managing china’s land border affairs.

President Xi Jinping signed orders to promulgate the law. Li zhanshu, chairman of the NPC standing committee, president over the closing meeting of the 31st session of the 13th NPC standing committee, which ran from Tuesday to Saturday.

So its main impact will be seen after its enforcement whether it will give good impact or creating any other problem is yet to be seen.

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