WOMEN EMPOWERMENT

Although till date many rights, schemes, laws has been enacted and provided to women but inspite of that, women’s safety and protection in our country is still a big issue and problem. And not only in our country but also in other under developed and developing country, women condition is very deteriorate and they have to suffer a lot at every stage of life. To change the conditions of women in the society the main cause is to change the thought process of society. Till the thought process of society will not change, the conditions of women also will not change. The society has to understand that nation is from she and not from he. Practices such as female infanticide, dowry, child marriage and the taboo on widow remarriage, have has a long duration in india, and have proved difficult to root out, especially in caste Hindu society in northern India.

During the british east india company, and the british raj, measures aiming at amelioration were enacted, including bengal sati regulation 1829, hindu widows remarriage act, 1865, female infanticide prevention act, 1870, age of consent act, 1891. Women’s rights under the constitution of india mainly include equality, dignity and freedom from discrimination. Additionaly, India has various statutes governing the rights of women.


Women in india now participate fully in areas such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sectors, science and technology etc. Indira Gandhi, who served as prime minister of india for an aggregate period of 15 years, is the world’s longest serving women prime minister. The constitution of India guarantees to all Indian women equality ( article 14), no discrimination by the state (article 15(1), equality of opportunity (article 16), equal pay for equal work(article 39(d)) and article 42. The government of india declared 2001 as the year of women’s empowerment (swashakti). The national year for the policy foe the empowerment of women came was passed in 2001. In the 1990s, grants from foreign donor agencies enables the formation of new women oriented NGOs. Self help and groups and NGOs such as self employed women’s association have played a major role in the advancement of women’s rights in india.

Power


On 9 march 2010, rajya sabha passed the women’s reservation bill requiring that 33% of seats in india’s parliament and the state legislative bodies be reserved for women, sexual harassment of women at workplace (prevention, prohibition and redressal) act, 2013 is a legislative act in India that seeks to protect women from sexual harassment at their places of work. The amendment also introduced new sections making acts like disrobing women without consent, stalking acts by person in authority in offence. It made acid attacks a specific offence with a specific with a punishment of imprisonment not less than 10 years and which could extend to life imprisonment and with fine.

Crimes against women

  1. Acid throwing
  2. Child marriage
  3. Domestic violence
  4. Dowry
  5. Honour killing
  6. Rape
  7. Sexual harassment

Empowerment

  1. Economic empowerment: increases women’s agency, access to formal government programs, mobility outside the home, economic independence, and purchasing power. Policy makers are suggested to support job training to aid in entrance in the formal markets.
  2. Political empowerment: political empowerment supports creating policies that would best support gender equality and agency for women in both public and private spheres. Popular methods that have been suggested are to create affirmative action policies that have a quota for the number of women in policy making and parliament positions.

References

https://www.bsr.org/en/expertise/womens-empowerment

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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