Reservation in India

Reservation is a controversial and highly debatable topic in India. Furthermore, the main aim
behind the reservation was the empowerment of the weaker sections of society. So, let’s learn all
about it with this essay on reservation in India.

Background of the Reservation Policy
Reservation in India refers to the practice of reserving a certain percentage of seats in
government institutions for people belonging to backward and under-represented communities.
Furthermore, reservation in its essence is a type of quota-based affirmative action.
The primary beneficiaries of the reservation policies under the Constitution are the Scheduled
Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Furthermore, this
concept was made part of the Constitution in order to let the deprived classes come at par with
the privileged classes.

Initially, the idea was to make a reservation policy only for ten years after the independence to
facilitate the development of the underprivileged sections. However, the situation now is such
that even after more than seventy years of independence, reservation policy is still in place.

Problems Associated with Reservation Policy
One can attribute the origin of the reservation system to the age-old caste system of India.
According to the caste system, the division of the people was to take place on the basis of
occupation. As such, various sects came up like teaching and preaching (Brahmins), kingship
and war (Kshatriya), and business (Vaish).

Soon, however, the system became an instrument of dividing the society on the basis of caste.
Furthermore, this led to the creation of various walls between the different sections of society.
After independence, the main objective of the reservation policy was to uplift the untouchables
who had to suffer maximum marginalization.

Today, the division of the Indian society has taken place into Hindu, Muslim, SC, ST, OBC etc.
Furthermore, demands for newer reservation are also coming from Christians, Jats, Pundits’,
Tribal’s etc.

Unfortunately, there has been the failure of the policy to achieve its aim to uplift the
marginalised classes. Rather, the reservation policy has become a political tool in the hands of
politicians. Furthermore, the rift in the caste system is becoming deeper.

The 93rd Amendment stirred the anger of the youth, in general, all over the country.
Furthermore, protests took place from various sections of society. Moreover, the reason for the
anger of the youth was that the development of one section of the society cannot take place at the cost of the other sections.

Reservation in India has been playing a major role in the politics of India. Furthermore, it has
now become an integral part of Indian society, in spite of the criticism it had to face. Overall, it
can be said that while the intention behind reservation cannot be blamed, it is the faulty
implementation that has been the main problem.

Aishwarya Says:

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