TYPES OF SECURITY IN INDIA

In India, security covers are provided to the recognised individuals who hold high-risk threats. Different individuals are provided with different kinds of security according to the information provided by the intelligence department. Depending on the threat insight to the individual the category is divided into 5 categories: SPG, Z+, Z, Y and X.

Z Security

Z category security has a security cover of 22 personnel, including four or five National Security Guard (NSG) commandos. The extra security is provided by the Delhi police or the CRPF and one escort car. The commandos are armed with submachine guns and modern communication equipment. Besides this, they are well trained in martial arts and unarmed combat skills. Around 60 VIPs are under this security cover.

Z+ Security

Z+ category has 36 personnel including more than 10 NSG Commandos. It is considered second to the SPG category. The commandos are equipped with advanced weapons and the latest gadgets and gizmos. This security cover has been given to around 25 VVIPs.

Y Security

The VIPs who come under this security cover are provided with 11 security personnel, including one or two commandos and two PSOs. Fewer than five VIPs are currently provided with this security cover.

X Security

Only two personnel provide security under this category. X security entails the most basic protection. There are around 70 VIPs who are provided with this security.

Special Protection Group (SPG)

The strength of the SPG is kept classified and it used to be provided to the current and former Prime Ministers of India and their immediate family members. The SPG was formed in 1988 after the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984. Only five people – Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Former PM Manmohan Singh, Rahul Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi – in the country were earlier provided with this security cover. But now only PM Modi has SPG protection.

Reference:

1.https://www.timesnownews.com/india/article/jagan-reddy-reduces-chandrabu-naidus-z-security-cover-a-glimpse-at-all-security-categories/443323

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