RIGHT TO DIE

INTRODUCTION: The right to die is a concept founded on the belief that humans have the freedom to choose whether or not to live. A person with a terminal illness, intractable pain, or no will to live should be permitted to end their own life, use assisted suicide, or refuse life-prolonging therapy if they have this right. The topic of who, if anyone, should have the authority to make this decision is frequently raised.

Consider a society in which patients are routinely euthanized, whether they desire to or not, if their pain cannot be relieved without dulling their consciousness, removing their independence, or jeopardising their dignity. Defenders of the status quo in such a society would claim that the obligation to prevent pain and indignity makes the policy necessary. While misery, humiliation, and loss of freedom are all undesirable, only the individual who is subjected to them should judge if they are intolerable. Nobody else should have the authority to decide whether life is worth living if a patient is competent to make that decision.

Every person has the right to a dignified death. Part III, Article 21 of the Indian Constitution guarantees it as a basic right. “No individual shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law,” according to Article 21 of the Indian constitution. The sanctity of life has been elevated to the greatest pedestal in India.

RELIGION: Hinduism recogniszes the right to die for people who are suffering from fatal illnesses or who have lost all desire, ambition, or duties. Nonviolent forms of death, such as fasting to the point of famine, are permitted (Prayopavesa). Santhara is a comparable practise in Jainism. Other religious perspectives on suicide range from denial of the right to outright condemnation of the act. Suicide is considered a severe sin in the Catholic religion.

‘Prayopavesa’ is permissible in Hinduism and Buddhism because it is nonviolent, quiet, and takes a long time to end life. That is, a person has accomplished his life’s goals and completed all of the duties and responsibilities that have been allotted to him.

SUICIDE AND EUTHANASIA: One way to exercise one’s right to die is to commit suicide. When people are dissatisfied with their lives, they frequently commit suicide.

Euthanasia is defined as the deliberate killing of a dependent human being for his or her supposed benefit, whether by act or omission. The Supreme Court of India legalised passive euthanasia by withdrawing life support from people in a permanent vegetative condition on March 9, 2018. The judgement came as part of a verdict in a case concerning Aruna Shanbaug, who died in 2015 after being in a Persistent Vegetative State (PVS).
Aruna Shaunbag vs Union Of India.

CASES:
Gian Kaur vs The State of Punjab
M.C. Mehta vs Union of India
P. Rathinam vs Union of India

CONCLUSION: Professional disagreements have always existed and will continue to exist on the subject of the right to die. When it comes to patients who are in the latter stages of a life-threatening illness, the problem gets much more complicated. With changing regulations and greater access to information, more study data is needed to arrive at an evidence-based approach. When such laws are passed, structures must be put in place to ensure that they are not exploited.

ENDNOTES: https://www.legalserviceindia.com/article/l404-Right-To-Die.html

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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