IT rules 2021

The foundation to the new Information Technology, 2021 rules is found to be grounded in the Information and Technology Act, 2000. These rules are a subordinate legislation of India’s Intermediary Guidelines rules, 2011. These rules are formed and supported with the help of Central government of India, Ministry of electronics and Information technology (MietY) and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB). The 2021 rules are stemmed from section 87 0f the IT Act, 2000 and are a combination of the draft Intermediary Guidelines 2018 and the OTT regulations and code of Ethics for digital media. During Monsoon session of the parliament in 2018, a motion of “ misuse of social media platform and spreading of fake news” was admitted. Which led government agencies to prepare a detailed statement to resolve the issue of spreading of fake news, curbing obscene information and provide security to the user.


The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY) accordingly, put together a detailed statement to” resolve the issues pertaining to fake news and provide a legal framework”, which were called IT (intermediary guidelines) Rules 2018 and it replaced the IT (intermediary guidelines) Rules 2011. The draft of the IT Rules 2018 was prepared to prevent the spreading of fake news, restrict obscene information on social media and provide security to the users. The move followed a notice issued to Whatsapp in july 2018, to help regarding these issues. However, Whatsapp has been a ‘mute spectator’ . Facebook wrote a plea to supreme court, praising the fact that whatsapp is a private platform and in order to reveal the identity of the sender, it would go against their privacy policy, and harm the reputation of the app.

 After creating the draft of intermediary guidelines rules in 2018, MietY had invited comments early in 2019, most of them said “ it overstep the aforesaid institution sparking concerns of free speech and privacy rights of individual”, “excessive delegation of powers” and “ burden of  responsibility of identification of unlawful content from government/judiciary to intermediaries.


 Amit Khare the secretary of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB) calls the rules as “progressive institutional mechanisms” Immediately following the publication of the rules many social media platforms have advised creators of platform on the basis of new rules. Petitions have filed challenging the rules with respect to the digital new media.

A press conference was held by electronics and IT minister Ravi Shankar Prasad and Rajya Sabha member Prakash Javadekar calling the rules as a ‘soft-touch oversight’, it seems that many experts and think tank members have accepted these new rules. However digital media news  platforms have filed petitions, stating that it challenges the right to privacy and freedom of speech. This could also lead to the erosion of safe harbor provisions provided by section 79 of the IT act. Which exempts the intermediaries from liabilities in certain cases.

During the press conference Mr. Prasad appreciating the value social media has provided in India told the press that,  “Social media is welcome to do business in India…they have got good business and have also empowered ordinary Indians… But it is very important that crores of social media users be given a proper forum for resolution of their grievances in a time bound manner against the abuse and misuse of social media”.


Government has been consistent with whatsapp to find out the originator of such information for 2 years now. However its been difficult working with whatsapp, since they cannot breach their privacy policy regarding the indentity of the user. Whatsapp has now 53 crore users. Other social media platforms like instagram, twitter, facebook , youtube combine a 107 crore users approx. A facebook spokesperson said that India is its one of the greatest ally, however they will be “committed to people’s ability to freely and safely express themselves on its platforms”.

Under these intermediary guidelines an order will be passesd by the court, and any media platform have to disable such content within 36 hours. An order will be passed only for the purpose of detection, prevention, investigation, prosecution and punishment of an offence related to sovereignity and integrity of India, friendly relations with foreign state or public order punishable for imprisonment for a term not less than 5 years. Additionally no such order would be passes in cases of less intrusive means.

Another petition was filed by the Press Trust of India (PTI) challenging the constitutionality of the IT rules, 2021. India’s largest news agency, which provides National and International news to other media houses said, the central government was trying to regulate the digital news media. In the petition, PTI called it a vaguely worded ‘code of ethics’, saying that the government will tend to regulate digital portals with ‘news and current affairs content’ which were vaguely been explained. The PTI observed that the rules went beyond object and scope of the IT act. A bench of chief justice D.N patel and justice J.R Midha have issued a notice to MietY and MIB regarding the petition and the same will be heard on August 20 with other petitions filed by National digital News media like the wire, Alt news and Quint digital news media Ltd.


 From above we could conclude that such rules are very much necessary, However application of these rules must be given another thought. The IT rules, 2021 gives emergency power to the central government to strip any digital media that contain explicit or any such content mentioned in the IT Rules, 2021. The kind of content mentioned in the IT Rules goes beyond the scope of the IT Act. Such rules create a atmosphere of surveillance and fear among the citizens. The rules enabled by the government tries to virtually dictate the social media content and surely violates the media freedom. A mechanism to stop the spreading of misinformation is very much in need, but the solution cannot be to control the media. In 2019 whatsapp started propagating its users “to be skeptical- when it comes to forwarded messages”. Methods like these are efficient and it warns the users about the messages/news they’re about to read. India is considered to have largest democracy, therefore it is the hands of lawmakers to provide a responsible set of rules, in order to prevent breach of privacy of citizens and to maintain a healthy freedom of speech.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

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We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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